UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION - NET/SET (Practice Questions for Paper II and III)

Practice Questions for Paper II and III

The large joint families of earlier days are

(A) Continuing as usual

(B) Disappearing

(C) Extended now

(D) Developed now

A status symbol is established by 

(A) Communication

(B) Relationship 

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) All of the above

The influence of both philosophy and religion can be seen in the human individual and society is

(A) Favourable 

(B) Unfavourable 

(C) Both

(D) Neither

The high school student is much more by his

(A) Reference group 

(B) Peer group

(C) Society

(D) Class mates

Hot media is

(A) A book

(B) A movie 

(C) A lecture

(D) All of the above

A lot medium of communication is one that impart much information and is in

(A) Presentation

(B) Definition

(C) Performance

(D) Location

A significant aspect of society is its 

(A) Family composition

(B) Individual composition 

(C) Social composition

(D) Religional composition

Verbal guidance is least effective in teaching

(A) concept and facts 

(B) attitude

(C) relationship

(D) skills

Cool media are those that affect the senses in

(A) Sensation

(B) Depth

(C) Light

(D) Mind

Stagnation in education means that

(A) The curriculum studies have become old and outdated

(B) Teachers have got no inclination to refresh their knowledge

(C) Methods followed for teaching have lost attraction for children 

(D) Children do not progress from class year by year

Peer oriented is well developed in

(A) Children

(B) Boys

(C) Girls

(D) Adults

Which regimes stressed that education should produce patriotic citizens ?

(A) Nazi in Germany

(B) India

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) Japan

"The change based on conflict between reason and tradition" idea was given by

(A) Vableins theory

(B) Auguste comte

(C) Max Weber

(D) None of the above

The new electronic technologies of the 20th century are the real forces which have shaped and are shaping modern culture said by

(A) Marshall McLuhan

(B) Moore

(C) Mahatma Gandhi

(D) H. Spencer

Maximum participation of students is possible in teaching through

(A) lecture method 

(B) discussion method

(C) audio-visual aids 

(D) textbook method

Efforts are directed in school towards pro-viding 

(A) Moral instruction

(B) Character education

(C) Physical education 

(D) Both (A) & (B)

Rigid system of state-education is justified on the basis that the state

(A) is supreme to dictate what shall be taught and how shall be taught.

(B) has absolute control over the lives and destinies of its individual members.

(C) has a right and its bounden duty to mould the citizens to a pattern which makes for its own preservation and enhance-ment. 

(D) has better resources to manage education.

It is generally believed that social system which leave their subcultural impacts on the learners is his

(A) Aspiration 

(B) Motivation

(C) Behaviour 

(D) All of the above

The schools also cater to vocational educa- oftion for a variety 

(A) Profession

(B) Occupation

(C) Trades

(D) All of the above

While delivering lecture if there is some dis- turbance in the class, then a teacher should

(A) keep quite for a while and then go on

(B) punish those causing disturbance

(C) not bother of what is happening in the class

(D) all of the above

The right and duties of citizenship are introduced, as they would apply to a

(A) Capitalistic form of government

(B) Democratic form of government

(C) Communistic form of government

(D) All of the above

In the high school stage Boys get free from the influence of their families with regard to their

(A) Opinion

(B) Attitudes

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None of the above

The characteristics of a class may develop around

(A) Wealth

(B) Family

(C) Occupation

(D) All of the above

The internal harmony required for a person's satisfactory life, comprises

(A) harmony of the environment and society 

(B) harmony of intelligence and emotions

(C) harmony of emotions and society

(D) harmony of intelligence and environment

Quality of education in a school/college can be measured through 

(A) infrastructural facilities available

(B) students' achievement

(C) manpower, teachers and principal avail- able

(D) all of the above

Idealism and Naturalism running through these philosophies we see the emphasis on viewing the child as

(A) Social being

(B) An individual

(C) Either social being or an individual 

(D) None of the above

The state is to control and direct all affairs including education in order to shape its citizens into-

(A) Social mould

(B) Particular mould 

(C) Every mould

(D) Religious mould

Which is not an implication of the social aims of education?

(A) The individual has no inherent right to education.

(B) The individual is educated as it is he who makes the society.

(C) The individual receives higher education only if it is to benefit of the society.

(D) Education is most powerful means of ensuring social progress and prosperity.

For writing on the Black Board, which of the following methods would be correct for a teacher ?

(A) Writing fast and as clearly as possible

(C) Writing the matter first and than asking students to read it

(C) Putting a question to students and then writing the answer as stated by them

(D) Turning towards the Black Board and teaching along with writing at the same time.

The classroom in India is based on

(A) Mass grouping 

(B) Economic base

(C) Age grouping

(D) Subject grouping

The National Institute for Basic Education in our country was established in

(A) 1969

(C) 1964

(B) 1953

(D) 1972

Experimental studies have shown that highly creative children in schools become behaviour problems. The reason is that

(A) Teachers become their favourites

(B) Schools give them higher regard

(C) Schools fail to give them challenging tasks

(D) Such students feel proud of themselves.

Hitler's Nazi theory and practices brought about years of war, bringing destruction and ruin in many countries of

(A) Africa

(B) Europe

(C) Asia

(D) U.S.A.

Knowledge of and a constructive attitudes towards our cultural and social heritage is/are

(A) Attitudes 

(B) Norms

(C) Values

(D) All of the above

All of the following are the characteristic features of an effective teacher except 

(A) emphasizing group discussion for the purpose of clarifying the objectives 

(B) emphasis upon standard

(C) emphasis upon the quick control of the problematic situation

(D) differential treatment method out to students of his class.

The democratic social climate in the schools is more conductive to socialisation in its various aspect than the dominating behaviour which has disintegrating influences on children's behaviour. The experiment for this statement done by

(A) Lewin's

(B) Brown

(C) Andersons

(D) Both (A) & (C)

The trait called negativism develop among young children due to

(A) Extreme considerations from parents

(B) Indifference of adults

(C) Frustration by adult interference 

(D) Neglect of peer groups

If you are planning to write a book for school children which of the following should be your main consideration?

(A) It should be examination oriented

(B) It should provide the latest material on the subject 

(C) It should logically cover the entire field of the subject

(D) It should be of the question-answer type

The first important step in teaching is

(A) organizing material to be taught

(B) planning before hand

(C) knowing the background of students

(D) none of the above

Madam Montessori was 

(A) An English Lady

(B) A French Lady

(C) An Italian

(D) A German

One of the following types of environment has an effect upon

(A) Education of the child 

(B) Personality of the child

(C) Personality and education both

(D) None of these

Sensory involvement in visual approach is/are 

(A) Motor and tactile

(B) Auditory

(C) Visual

(D) All of the above

Which of the following interpretations would be correct about diagnostic tests in education?

(A) They reveal students' errors for corrective instruction

(B) They are meant for locating lapses in the teaching process

(C) They help in eliminating selection of undeserving pupils

(D) They guide teacher in selecting relevant test material

Inspite of the vast diversity of thoughts in an individual philosophers believed that

(A) His emotional states could be regarded as stable

(B) He is more or less an integrated indi- vidual

(C) He could be regarded as identifying with an unchanging unity.

(D) His perceptions of old are always stable.

When a student asks a question to which the teacher has no direct correct answer, he should

(A) tell the student not to ask such irrelevant questions

(B) give some vague answer and satisfy the student 

(C) tell the student that he would give the correct answer later

(D) ask the student to find out the answer himself from books in the library

"Religion could not stand for a moment if it did not support itself by intellectual presentation, however, inadequate, of profound truths." This has been said by

(A) Immanual Kant

(B) F.H. Bradley 

(C) S. Alexander

(D) Sri Auribindo

Article 45 under the Directive principle of State Policy in the Indian Constitution, provides for

(A) Rights of minorities to establish institutions

(B) Free and compulsory primary education 

(C) Giving financial assistance to less advanced states

(D) Education for weaker sections of the country

Classroom discipline can be maintained effectively by

(A) knowing the cause of indiscipline and handing it with stern hand

(B) providing a programme which is accor- ding to the need and interest of the pupils (C) by putting on fancy clothes in the class room

(D) none of the above

If a student is mischievous and disturbing in the class with words and actions which of the following methods would be correct in your opinion to deal him?

(A) insult him in the class by pointing out his mistakes

(B) shout at him and warn him to correct himself

(C) call him to your room and make to him to understand his problems 

(D) punish him by expelling him from the class to teach a lesson to others

The second amendment of 1976 with Indian Constitution amendment of 1976

(A) insisted on the vocationalisation of education 

(B) the social aspect of knowledge to be imparted in schools

(C) brought closer relationship between education and agriculture.

(D) the partial considerations as aims of education.

The period known as renaissance in the history of civilization and produced great changes in education

(A) followed the medieval period

(B) was characterised by law standards of education

(C) preceded the medieval period 

(D) None of the above

The educational philosopher must have knowledge of psychology because

(A) Psychology acquaints the philosopher with the world of reality in his theorizing 

(B) Psychology is after all a branch of philosophy

(C) Psychological principles arise out of philosophical maxims 

(D) The question of 'why' and 'what' in philosophy is purely psychological at the root.

A leader may have powerful qualities is/are 

(A) Intellectual 

(B) Physical

(C) Spiritual

(D) Combination of some of these qualities

Social classes have/has

(A) Structural characteristics 

(B) Functional characteristics

(C) Status systems

(D) All of the above

The movement from one social class to another is known as

(A) Migration 

(B) Immigration

(C) Social mobility

(D) National movement

If a child is a back bencher and is unable to watch the black board clearly. As a result he stands, sees and sits repeatedly. What inference will you draw regarding the case? 

(A) The blackboard is under shining effect of light ont 

(B) The child is of short height as compared to his class mates

(C) The child has defective vision

(D) both (A) and (C)

The most appropriate meaning of learning is 

(A) inculcation of knowledge

(B) modification of behaviour

(C) acquisition of skills 

(D) personal adjustment

With current development in all field the faith and beliefs of the older generation of family members are not shared by

(A) Older member

(B) Adult member

(C) Younger member

(D) Can't say

Socialized method that an individual becomes aware of what it means work with a purpose pointed by

(A) Moore & Cole

(B) Auguste

(C) Herbert Spencer

(D) Lamark

Research has shown that maladjustment among teacher is

(A) Relatively rare among 'Career' teachers 

(B) Relatively non-existent.

(C) Exceedingly widespread, especially among women teachers

(D) Or greater incidence than in comparable professional groups.

"Educational programmes" are those that give pupils wholesome participating roles in

(A) Society

(B) Citizenship

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None of the above

The introduction of education for internation- alism through social science in schools was first recommended by

(A) The U.N.O.

(B) The U.N.E.S.C.O.

(C) The I.E.C.

(D) The C.A.B.E.

Education should produce patriotic citizens who would fight to expand the territories of their countries, and establish their nations superiority in the regimes of

(A) Nazi

(B) Akbar

(C) Alexender

(D) None

If students do not understand what is taught in the class, the teacher should 

(A) repeat the lesson once again

(B) teach the lesson again giving more examples

(C) proceed to the next lesson so that syllabus could be covered

(D) check up the previous knowledge of the students in the topic

The family provides individuals group interaction of

(A) Some kind 

(B) Different kind

(C) Many kind 

(D) All of the above

The essential elements of any good curricu- lum are

(A) Content and text books

(B) Teacher text books

(C) Plans and activities 

(D) Content and structure

The curriculum prepare the child for living in a

(A) Global society

(B) Regional society

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) Global community

In India the primary aim of education is 

(A) To prepare for employment

(B) To safeguards national interest

(C) To make educationally strong

(D) To provide whole some knowledge

In the conditioning approach to learning

(A) the natural stimulus follows the unnatural stimulus 

(B) the unnature stimulus follows the natural stimulus

(C) Response to natural stimulus required to be 

(D) the subject should be in readiness to receive the unnatural stimulus

Ministry of education for all the states and union territories of the country setup during

(A) 3rd five year plan

(B) First five year plan

(C) 4th five year plan 

(D) 5th five year plan

The educator is entrusted with the task of imparting of knowledge and skills on various to the

(A) Society

(B) Environment

(C) Pupil

(D) All of the above

Preservation of our environment is therefore most

(A) Necessary

(B) Most necessary

(C) Not necessary at all 

(D) All of the above

Educational technology is a process concerned with

(A) Equipping the technical institutions for better methods of instructions

(B) Explains the progress of technology through education 

(C) Using the modern methods of technologies in teaching and learning in schools 

(D) Improving the schools through implemen- tation of science and technological subjects

According to sociological thinking education is equivalent to the development of 

(A) Character

(B) Personality 

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) All of the above

A new teacher to start with, will have to 

(A) enforce discipline in the class

(B) establish rapport with the students

(C) tell the students about his qualifications

(D) cut jokes with the students

What does the individual aim of education imply? 

(A) Education must secure for everyone the conditions under which the individuality is most completely developed. 

(B) It must contribute to the peace and happiness of the whole society

(C) It should have more and more institutions every year.

(D) It should be by and large the concern of the private sector.

Which aims of education are emphasized in this statement, "The interests of the state are enhanced by the development of virtue and wisdom in the individuals, and individuals find their best chance of self-development in the service of the state."

(A) Social aims

(B) Individual aims

(C) More social aims, less individual aims. 

(D) A synthesis between social and individual aims.

By the term 'independent variable in conducting any educational research we mean

(A) The freedom and independence of the experiments in formulating his approach

(B) The conditions which the experiments cannot manipulate or change

(C) The factors that are beyond to reach of the experiments for conducting a re- search.

(D) The conditions or situations which the experiments can manipulate or change

The care of its aged members is the respon- sibility of the family in

(A) Canada

(B) U.S.A.

(C) United Kingdom

(D) All of the above

Individual interests must be subordinate to those of state. This interpretation is best illustrated in the

(A) Spartan system of education 

(B) Ancient Indian system

(C) Romans system of education 

(D) None of the above

Boys in high school as student get free from the influence of their

(A) Society

(B) Family

(C) Peer group

(D) None

Teacher's professionalism may be assessed in terms of all of the following commitments except

(A) commitment to the colleagues and employer

(B) commitment to the profession and students

(C) commitment to the religion and castes 

(D) commitment to the parents and community.

Sampling results into 

(A) Greater accuracy

(B) Reduced cost of every

(C) High precision item

(D) Control of extraneous variables

Peer groups develop certain status symbols which is

(A) Flexible

(B) Change time to time

(C) Fixed

(D) Can't say

Which of the following was not a basis for rationalism

(A) the development of knowledge from mathematical reasoning 

(B) the use of self-evident truths as first principles 

(C) the collection of sense data in discovering truths

(D) None of the above

Which of the following views about discipline would be acceptable to you if you are an idealist ?

(A) Discipline should be an idealist 

(B) It should grow with the child himself

(C) Giving emphasis factors external to the individual

(D) Punishment is necessary to impose discipline

The group in which most members are of equal age and of similar social status are called

(A) Social group

(B) Peer groups

(C) Reference group 

(D) All of the above

Adaptation and adjustment could be distin- guished as follows, from a psychological point of view

(A) Psychologists use the term adaptation for personal requirements and adjust- ment for non-personal

(B) Adaptation is appropriate as a term for ba non-human beings, here adjustment is possible for human beings

(C) adaptation is restricted to the physical aspect of the environment while adjust- ment is meant of the social relations

(D) Adaptation is limited to younger ones whereas adjustment is applicable to grown up individuals

Rationalism was a movement which called for

(A) faith in the power of unaided reason to discover truth

(B) the reconciliation of church dogma with the new science

(C) the substitution of Aristotelian authority for that of the church

(D) the substitution of reasoning for foolish utopias

The interpersonal relationship in the school which is necessary is/are

(A) Staff and staff

(B) Headmaster and staff

(C) Staff and student

(D) All types are necessary

If students do not understand what is taught in the classroom, the teacher should feel 

(A) terribly bored

(B) to explain it in a different way 

(C) pity for the student

(D) that he is wasting time

The outstanding functional psychologist in Education during the first quarter of the present century was

(A) Thiondike

(B) Ge. Terman

(C) William James

(D) Alexander Bain

Practical, Parochial and utilitarian nature of education system was of

(A) The Romans 

(B) The Indians 

(C) The Spartans

(D) The Athenians

As long as a human being is a social animal living in society and developing through contacts there will be some subordination of individuality to

(A) Public

(B) Social needs

(C) Both of the above

(D) Religion

The social order has expanded beyond the control of the family group in

(A) In beginning

(B) Recent time

(C) Ancient time

(D) All of the above

Micro teaching is useful to students of 

(A) junior classes only

(B) primary classes only

(C) 10+2 classes only

(D) higher classes and primary classes both

A sentiment could be correctly defined as 

(A) A strong desire for an action with an inner motive

(B) A week point in individual's emotional life 

(C) A link between the likes and dislikes of an individual

(D) A sum total of a person's feelings and emotions about some object

In classroom socialized techniques, projects and group methods fulfil most of the condi- tions. Lives discussion will replace

(A) Lecture

(B) Autocratic procedures

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None the above

One learns and is taught through

(A) Communication

(B) Social interaction

(C) Technology 

(D) None of the above

On which of the following statements there is consensus among educators ?

(A) Disciplinary cases should be sent to the principle only when other means have failed.

(B) Disciplinary cases should be totally neglected in the class 

(C) Disciplinary cases should never be sent to the principal's office

(D) None of the above

The best educational programme is one which is according to the

(A) ability of the child

(B) need of the child

(C) interest of child 

(D) all these along with the need of the society

According to whom the whole life of the school becomes the curriculum which can touch the life of the student at points and help in the evolution of a balanced personality 

(A) The Kothari Commission

(B) The Wardha Scheme 

(C) The Ramamurthi Report

(D) Report of NPE

The topic method in education should be interpreted

(A) a method of development of the syllabus in a subject 

(B) a concentric approach of teaching the class room

(C) a substitute for the project method of teaching 

(D) a method suited better for arts subjects as compared to science subjects

The introduction of career courses in schools and colleges aims at

(A) developing the ability to make the intelligent choice of jobs

(B) increasing G.K. in students 

(C) providing professional knowledge

(D) All of the above

Who recommended that the years of sec- ondary schooling be increased to the 10 + 2 pattern

(A) The Ramamurti Report

(B) The Kothari Commission

(C) Basic Scheme

(D) All of the above

A correlated activity project undertaken by students in the

(A) Municipal Girls Higher Secondary School New Delhi.

(B) Government

(C) Educational Institution

(D) None of the above

The usual curriculum concept in the syllabi issued by various departments of instruction in India indicates subject as

(A) Mathematics

(B) Geography

(C) History

(D) All of the above

Which of the following statements would be correct about the spread of educational values, from a practical point of view?

(A) Educational values are higher and more widespread in an agrarian than in an industrial society

(B) These values are lower and less wide spread in an agrarian than in an industrial society

(C) The educational values are less important in the industrial society

(D) There can be no difference in educational values in the industrial and the agrarian society.

The search for aims in the process of education has deeply concerned the

(A) The sociologist

(B) The politician

(C) Educator

(D) All of the above

Mark out the statement that gives a true idea of the Bhoodan.

(A) Land donated reveals that the donor had no faith in the act of donation.

(B) Its success is not negligible.

(C) It is a good idea for a great purpose. 

(D) The enthusiasm that it once generated is wanting off.

Some knowledge of basic subject is neces- sary for living a useful and successful life the subject is/are

(A) Social science

(B) Mathematics

(C) Language

(D) All of the above

The refusal to admit the existence of illusion is known as

(A) Atmakhyativada

(B) Any athakhyativada

(C) Akhyativada

(D) Asatkhyativada

In the final analysis, teaching must be thought of mainly as a process of 

(A) asking questions and evaluating the leaming

(B) directing the activities of the pupils 

(C) hearing the recitation of pupils

(D) all of the above

Which of the following statements regarding motivation is correct?

(A) Inborn, unlearned tendencies, called instincts are the motivating forces according to James Burt

(B) Freewill, intellect and reason are the motivating factors according to Plato

(C) Curiosity and level of aspiration are the motivating factors according to Berlyne 

(D) All of the above

In this competition, the right sort of education is that gives

(A) The right use of books and not-facts than common education

(B) The right use of intelligence for emotional development

(C) Specialised fields of education rather than common education 

(D) Generalisation of facts which are supported by books

Regarding co-education at the secondary stage, the 1952-53 education commission has suggested that

(A) to start resource in several states could not afford

(B) to maintain separate schools for boys and girls

(C) the situation in our country warrants establishment of more boys schools that co-educational schools.

(D) there should be objection to extend co- educational school

The educational philosopher must have knowledge of psychology because

(A) Psychology is after all a branch of phi- losophy

(B) Psychology acquaints the philosopher with the world of reality in his theorizing

(C) Psychological principles arise out of philosophical maxims.

(D) The question of 'why' and 'what' in philosophy is purely psychological at the root.

The emperor Ashoka's attitude to war, many centuries later was changed due the influ- of

(A) Buddha's teaching

(B) Mahavir's teaching 

(C) By both's teaching

(D) Swami Dayanand

"The students describe an experiment dem- onstrated by the teacher in the classroom". This statement is an example of student's behaviour pertaining to the following objec- tive

(A) Knowledge

(B) Application 

(C) Understanding

(D) Analysis

Vablens Theory of change is related to

(A) Human goal

(B) Economic

(C) Both Economic and Human goal

(D) None of the above

'Cultural Lag' is the term used by Ogburn to describe how

(A) Moral changes

(B) Culture changes 

(C) One phase of culture may change more rapidly than another phase

(D) None of these

If I do not get a satisfactory explanation to certain occurrences

(A) I would wait until I come across a right person who may explain it to me.

(B) I give a damn to it-perhaps it is not worth knowing

(C) I would visit a nearby research institute to find out whether an answer could be obtained

(D) I would not be at rest until I get an appropriate explanation

According to the doctrine of innate depravity

(A) soul has had contact with ideas prior to joining the body. 

(B) man is born in sin, hence, must make some type of element. 

(C) it is impossible to measure a substance without changing it 

(D) limitations upon man's intelligence are set at birth

To educate "according to nature" means 

(A) to return to the natural as opposed to the artificial in life

(B) the education according to the natural laws of human development

(C) to study natural laws and apply them to the educational process

(D) none of the above

Which is not the social aim of education? 

(A) Education for social service

(B) Education for the perfection of the individual

(C) Education for social efficiency

(D) Education for citizenship.

Which of the following concepts would correct represent the objectives of the term 'Environmental Education'.

(A) Teaching children to develop capacities to modify their environment

(B) Adopting education to suit children's environment

(C) Familiarizing children with the objectives and condition of their environment

(D) Developing an attitude of patriotism and love towards leader in the environment

The field of education is permeated by conflicts and misconception because

(A) problems in education call for subjectivity of interpretation

(B) problems encountered in teaching are not amenable to rigorous scientific in- vestigation 

(C) teachers are not worthy of doing rigorous scientific investigation

(D) there are not good teaching methods and procedures

The supporters of the social aim do not believe that an individual can live and develop in

(A) Cultural value of society

(B) Isolation from society

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None of these

Skinner's Theory of Learning is centered around the principle of

(A) Association 

(B) Reinforcement

(C) Operationism 

(D) Conditioning

In order to understand students and their behaviour, one must know about and understand their

(A) Reference groups

(B) Playing groups 

(C) Social status

(D) None of the above

Educational Administration

(A) tells about the 'Ro' of educational objectives

(B) sets the goals for education 

(C) explains the methods of schools and class control

(D) concerned with the what of education

In school effective interpersonal relationship is

(A) Necessary

(B) Not necessary

(C) Not good for healthy developments

(D) None of these

The Hartog Committee of 1929 had recommended that

(A) diversion of children towards industrial and commercial

(B) careers should be started at the end of the high school stage

(C) the minimum qualification for starting commercial and industrial avocations should be Matriculation

(D) the end of the middle school stage in the proportion for diversion into industrial and commercial avocation.

Which is the most important characteristic of the survey method of research?

(A) It relies on a small sample

(B) It studies characteristics of a group in- stead of an individual

(C) It aims at developing some theory or the scientific laws.

(D) It focuses on studying the cause-effect relationship between variables.

An effective teacher adopts the norms of the

(A) democratic society 

(B) autocratic society

(C) leizes fair society

(D) All of the above according to the situation

First public examination is called

(A) Secondary School

(B) Sr. Secondary

(C) Pre-university

(D) Middle School

The evils committed in the name of religion are properly speaking the evils of

(A) Great Religions

(B) Religions

(C) Religionism 

(D) All the above

If there is conflict in any social institution its

(A) Function has to recognized 

(B) Structure has to recognized

(C) Both (A) & (B) 

(D) None of the above

Kibbutz in Israel and the communes in communistic countries are substitute for the

(A) Traditional family 

(B) Social organisation

(C) Modern family

(D) Cultural revolution

Animals including insects transmit meaning through behaviour or sounds, much of this is by

(A) Trial

(B) Error

(C) Both Trial & Error

(D) None

The cultural revolution in China in the 1960's was directed towards the achievement of

(A) Plenty

(B) Prosperity

(C) Progress

(D) All of the above

Culture is considered to have an optional from also beside the universal and special forms. Therefore, the cultural progress of a society is depicted by

(A) The universal form only

(B) The optional form only

(C) The special form only 

(D) A combination of the universal and the special forms

The preventive theory of punishment aims at 

(A) Advising children about the preventive measures to be adopted by the school, in advance

(B) Preventing children from doing wrong through careful supervision.

(C) Preventing the occurrence of situations which induce wrong behaviour and call for remedial measures.

(D) Controlling wrong doers through the cooperation of parents and social mem- on bers

One of the basic reasons for the existence of classes is that people require

(A) Some kinds of services

(B) Many kinds of services 

(C) Different skills

(D) Both (A) & (V)

A class room could be called a collective behaviour group as long as

(A) There is a common feeling with a task to face

(B) There is a hierarchic organisations in the class.

(C) The group is sufficiently a large one 

(D) The members want to establish their status as individuals

The basis purpose of school administration is

(A) To provide the required equipment for the school

(B) To improve instructional programme

(C) To organise and operate the school for instructional conveniences

(D) To advise and stimulate teachers in their functioning

The psycho-analysts believe that in a ma- jority of cases, people get blindness or pa- ralysis because

(A) These defects take root in childhood experience only 

(B) They are the outcome of wish fulfilment and motivated acts

(C) Such defects exist in all individuals in an unconscious state

(D) They are the hereditary weaknesses with a biological basis.

The principal of variety operates not only at the level of individual pupils but also in different schools and status of the country in

(A) The traditional concept of the curriculum

(B) The new concept of curriculum

(C) The latest concept of curriculum 

(D) None of the above

When there is conflict in the mind of individual, he may have to change his 

(A) Whole value system

(B) Functional system 

(C) Cultural system

(D) Class system

The learning process is much more effective which is

(A) Directed from outside

(B) Inner-directed

(C) Religional-directed 

(D) Socially-directed

Who is to decide "the mode and type of education which an individual is to receive for its welfare"?

(A) Citizen

(B) State

(C) Society

(D) All of the above

The Latin root term for the word 'curriculum' means

(A) a path or course to be the run

(B) the objects conducive to education of children

(C) collection of contents fixed for education

(D) the subjects taught through school alone

What will you do as a teacher if the students do not attend your class ?

(A) Keep quiet considering the present attitude of students as the change of the culture.

(B) Blame the students to their absence 

(C) Think of using some interesting methods of teaching

(D) Know the reasons and try to remove them

The isolated individual is a figment of the imagination said by

(A) Socrates

(C) Raymonts

(B) Plato

(D) Comte

The more important factor for education is

(A) Cultural

(B) Sociological

(C) Psychological

(D) Religional

Spartan system of education was in

(A) Roman Empire

(B) Ancient Greece 

(C) Modern

(D) All of the above

Ancient education enjoined on the pupils the tenets of dharma which implied the ideas of

(A) Justice

(B) Duty

(C) Sacred law

(D) All of the above

The national science policy resolution was adopted in the year

(A) 1950

(C) 1957

(B) 1952

(D) 1954

Some social animals such as 'apes' learn by

(A) Observation 

(B) By imitation

(C) By both observation and imitation 

(D) None the above

The national educational policy of 1979, recommended as follows about the public schools

(A) Their uniqueness and traditions have to be preserved the interests of the best talents of the country

(B) They should be brought under laws and regulations the government public education system.

(C) They must be allowed the autonomy that was bestowed on them by the past system of education.

(D) Suitable ratio has to be maintained for admission of middle class and poor class students

If a student becomes unconscious in the class what will you do first?

(A) Telephoning student's parents and waiting for them 

(B) Rushing to the principal's office and canvassing for help impatiently 

(C) Giving first aid to him and trying to contact any nearby doctor

(D) making arrangement to send him to his home.

The major responsibility with which the school personnels have been entrusted is that

(A) it harmonizes the needs of the child and demands of the society for the benefit of both

(B) it prepares the school programme according to the need of the child

(C) it makes the child able to get job

(D) all of the above

The term 'Behaviour' includes

(A) Both external and internal stimulation cause

(B) Internal stimulation as the main

(C) External stimulus and response only 

(D) External stimulation as an objective condition

The aptitude of a person for taking teaching profession could be tested on the basis of

(A) his achievement standards in his courses of study 

(B) his imposing personality for controlling classes

(C) his attitude towards persons whom he has to teach

(D) his enthusiasm to display his knowledge

While dealing with juvenile delinquents a teacher should

(A) play them with filthy sex jokes sat 

(B) talk with them frankly and guide and channelize their potentialities in constructive ways

(C) complain to the principal against them

(D) none of above

By the term 'independent variable' in con- ducting any educational research we mean

(A) The freedom and independence of the experiments in formulating his approach 

(B) The conditions which the experiments cannot manipulate or change

(C) The factors that are beyond to reach of the experiments for conducting a re- search.

(D) The conditions or situations which the experiments can manipulate or change.

The main difference between an administrator and a researcher his in the fact that

(A) the former approaches problems in a practical manner while the latter is purely theoretical.

(B) the former is more concerned only with the what of things while the researcher is interested both in the why and what of things

(C) The former takes a global view of things while the latter penetrates deep into specific issues

(D) the former is more interested in social outcomes while the latter in finding out as to why things happen as they do

Change is necessary to eliminate unsatis-factory conditions and situations which are produced by the conflict between ends that are beneficial or which tend to exploit. The idea given by

(A) Auguste Comte 

(B) Vablens theory

(C) Max Weber

(D) None of these

The year 1986 is significant in the history of Indian eduction for the

(A) Adoption of the New Education Policy

(B) Reconstitution of the CABE

(C) Report of the Committee on Emotional Integration

(D) Reforms in the vocational and technical education

An effective teacher will ensure

(A) laissez faire role

(B) cooperation among his students

(C) competition among students

(D) competition or cooperation as the situ- ation demands

Observable behaviours which a teacher can use in the class to bring home to the pupil an idea or point is technically called

(A) teaching skills

(B) demonstration

(C) communication facilities 

(D) none of these

According to the modern views, the super- vision programme in schools should

(A) Not mingle with the curriculum develop- ment work

(B) Be closely associated with the programmes of curriculum development

(C) Aim at development of leadership qualities among teachers 

(D) Be concerned with only the administra- tive aspect of school functions

Which of the following could be regarded as a principle of good discipline in educational institutions

(A) Planning rules by teachers in co- operation with heads

(B) Formulating rules and regulations in the beginning of the year

(C) Developing rules and policies in consultation with the students

(D) Laying clearcut rules and principles for acts of indiscipline.

Rousseau's romantic naturalism was opposed to the 

(A) doctrine of man's innate depravity

(B) idea that feelings are a part of nature 

(C) idea of field trips and experimentation 

(D) doctrine of education as unfoldment

If remarks are passed by students on you, as a teacher, you will 

(A) expel them from the college

(B) punish them

(C) take revenge while evaluating internal testcopies

(D) be impartial at the time of evaluation

Use of telecast materials

(A) enhances concentration and learning

(B) increases retention power 

(C) reduces the burden of the teacher

(D) all of the above

Which is not correct about the notation R 1.23?

(A) Subscript 2 stands for the independent variable no. 1

(B) Subscript 1 stands for the criterion variable to be predicted.

(C) Subscript 3 stands for the independent variable no. 2

(D) Subscript 1 stands for the variable to be partially out.

If you come across to teach a blind student along with the normal students what type of behaviour you are expected to exhibit?

(A) Don't give any extra attention because majority of students may suffer 

(B) Take care of him with sympathy

(C) Arrange the seat in the front row and try to keep your teaching pace according to him without making the other students suffer.

(D) None of the above

TV is superior to radio as teaching aid because it

(A) is costly

(B) invites two senses-hearing and vision simultaneously leading to more accurate form of learning

(C) is generally like by pupils 

(D) All of the above

In Indian schools where there is direct teaching imparted often based on 

(A) Religious books

(B) Through Practical Situation 

(C) Science books

(D) Government

Educationally speaking, the concept of democracy is based on

(A) Confidence in the worthfulness of education

(B) Replying the needy in the interest of the expectations of the better placed sec- tions

(C) The hope of being able to promote the talented characteristics of human beings. 

(D) The faith in the worth and dignity of way single individual as a human being

Which of the following schools of philosophy regarded man as the centre and measure of all activities

(A) Realism

(B) Naturalism

(C) Humanism

(D) Progressivism

Educational aims are determined or laid down in most cases by persons i.e.,

(A) Schools principals

(B) Class room teacher

(C) Other than the Classroom teachers 

(D) All of the above

You have to give assignments to your student as a part of teaching. The precaution to be observed would be, to

(A) Give sufficient work so that students are fully engaged at home 

(B) Select the assignment from a portion to be taught the next day

(C) Suggest that students might seek anybody's help in completing the work

(D) Give students the required clues and guidance in the class for completion of the work.

Culture is considered to have an optional form also beside the universal and special forms. Therefore, the cultural progress of a society is depicted by

(A) The universal form only

(B) The optional form only

(C) The special form only

(D) A combination of the universal and special forms

During the days of education for the classes as opposed to education for the masses educational freedom meant

(A) Emancipation of the individual

(B) Self realization of the individual

(C) Subordination of the individual

(D) Discrimination in favour of the individual

The subject matter of the school curriculum must be functional in relation to adult living and be adopted to the level of development of the

(A) Child

(B) Human beings

(C) Community

(D) None of the above

Communication may be defined as the trans- mission of meaning through the use of

(A) Symbol

(B) Digits

(C) Figure

(D) All of the above

A sentiment could be correctly defined as 

(A) A strong desire for an action with an inner motive.

(B) A weak point in individual's emotional life

(C) A link between the likes and dislikes of an individual

(D) A sum total of a person's feeling and emotions about some object

Classroom discipline can be maintained effectively by ed erl

(A) knowing the cause of indiscipline and handling it with stern hand

(B) providing a programme which is according to the need and interest of the pupils

(C) by putting on fancy clothes in the classroom

(D) none of the above

Which of the following does not represent the concern of philosophers

(A) Should poetry be studied by the whole or part method

(B) What is the goal of education?

(C) Is man a part of or is he independent of nature ?

(D) Should one follow or fight group mores?

The functions of a teacher is in the order of 

(A) guiding the child, helping him towards progress and evaluation

(B) checking homework, guiding him and assigning further task 

(C) Both of these

(D) None of the above

The social aim in education will produce

(A) Sense of co-operation among individuals

(B) Cohesion

(C) Necessary for enjoying the amenities of life 

(D) All of the above

Deway liked best the following definition of education?

(A) Recapitulation

(B) Education as a product

(C) Acquisition of knowledge 

(D) Reconstruction of experience

The utility of philosophy of religion can be seen in the forms of

(A) Rational Approach 

(B) Anti-superstitions

(C) Anti-dogmatism

(D) All the above

Older children and youth live in the world of their

(A) Feers group no

(B) Adults

(C) Society

(D) Both (A) & (C)

In the development of statistical methods, the greatest contribution is that of

(A) Businessmen

(B) Economists

(C) Scientists

(D) Mathematicians

Which of the following does not represent the educational sociologists' point of view? 

(A) The method of teaching must place primary emphasis upon social behaviour inside, not outside, the classroom

(B) The method of teaching must alter one's behaviour outside the school rather than merely develop skills.

(C) The method of teaching must be effective in aiding the pupil in his adjustment to social situations

(D) The method of teaching must stress critical evaluation in reading rather than mere comprehension

An absolute is defined as that which 

(A) requires proof of its validity

(B) that everyone believes what is true

(C) is said to be universally valid 

(D) has been found to be true

Adjunct programming is the method which 

(A) combines programmed instruction with class room teachers.

(B) is follow up of programmed instruction 

(C) is a substitute for the project approach of teaching

(D) combines programmed instruction with the understanding of textbooks.

According to the modern views, the supervision programme in schools should

(A) Not meddle with the curriculum development work 

(B) Be closely associated with the programmes of curriculum development 

(C) Aim at development leadership qualities among teachers 

(D) Be concerned with only the administrative aspects of school functions.

National reconstruction in any country should be based on

(A) improvement of adjustability and adapt- ability of the people

(B) familiarising the children with the nation's culture and philosophy

(C) weeding out the unsocial and un-scien-tific practices at the top level.

(D) developing ambitions but looks of admin- istrators

Two systems exerting opposite influence on the same organ/organs are -

(A) Muscular and nervous system 

(B) Endocrine and exocrine gland

(C) Endocrine and nervous system

(D) None of the above

The U.G.C. in our country was established under the act of parliament on the recom- mendations of 

(A) The Secondary Education Commission

(B) The University Education Commission

(C) The National Board of University Education

(D) The Central Board of Secondary Education

Connection between brain and spinach of frog is served. The leg of such an animal is pricked with sharp needle. The animal will

(A) Move the pricked leg

(B) Not move the legs

(C) Move only the unpricked leg

(D) Not show any reaction

Teachers should study educational philosophy because

(A) they do not have their own philosophy 

(B) they do not know it

(C) philosophy is the backbone of all disciplines 

(D) they may improve their work by clarify- ing their own philosophy.

The educational philosophy of Swami Dayananda suggests

(A) A non-formal approach to pre-primary education 

(B) A non-formal approach to co-education

(C) A formal approach to pre-primary edu- cation. 

(D) A formal approach to education at all stages.

The 1979 Draft National Policy Education recommended the language formula as fol- lows for the non-Hindi speaking areas

(A) English as a link language alone with mother tongue and a modern Indian lan- guage 

(B) Hindi as a link language along with mother tongue and English

(C) A modern Indian language along with a regional language and English

(D) Regional language and English in addition to Hindi

The Rank difference coefficient of correlation 

(A) Is less reliable than the product move-ment rx. 

(B) Is more reliable than the product move-ment r. 

(C) Is almost the same as the product move- ment r, because the difference is so small

(D) Is more reliable than the product move- ment when the number of cases is larger

It is said that conflicts between persons of nations arise when feelings of despondency got strong.

(A) The lack in estimation of their own selves.

(B) They desire to achieve more than their means.

(C) Their self appears to have been hurt by their opponents.

(D) Their insight into the resources of other is defective

We usually avoid remembering some thing that is associated with fear or unpleasant- ness. In tradition language those avoidance is termed as

(A) Suppressing

(B) repression 

(C) Retrieval future

(D) forgetting

Jung used the term "Collective Unconscious" to indicate

(A) The unconscious tendencies inherited by an individual from primordial oracle ten- dencies.

(B) All the factors that together constitute to strengthen an individual's uncon- scious

(C) The unconscious potential of a group or mob

(D) The effects of all the unconscious urges which made a person's behaviour problematic

Prospective teachers need to make a continuous study of the culture of the typical American community. These who make such a study should keep in mind that

(A) the advance of our machine technology has had little or no effect on our culture 

(B) the present community is largely made upon farmers

(C) change itself is one of the distinctive characteristics of present American culture

(D) each community lives independently of every other community

If some of your pupils misbehave with you in the college campus you must

(A) report to their parents 

(B) report to the principal

(C) improve their behaviour by your own character and scholarship

(D) mobilize other teachers against these guys

Psychologists speak of a plateau in learning process. This stage is

(A) a stage when the learner is consolidat- ing his previous learning and preparing for further learning. 

(B) a stage at which an individual faces some difficulty in progressing further.

(C) an indication of fatigue and boredom to give a gap in our trails for learning. 

(D) the final stage of learning, indicating that further attempts will lead to frustration.

The gestalt psychologists brought out clearly the importance of

(A) The functional factors in cognitive opera- tions

(B) The functional factors in perception

(C) The structural factors in perception 

(D) The interactive factors of cognition.

Educational objectives such as knowledge, understanding and application come under the category of

(A) Specific Objectives

(B) Functional Objectives

(C) General Objectives

(D) Cognitive Objectives

Which of the following is not a successful communicator ?

(A) One who is able to adapt himself accord- ing the language of the communicate. 

(B) One who presents material in a precise and clear way.

(C) One who knows a lot but is somewhat reserve in his attitude.

(D) One who sometimes becomes informal before the receiver and develops rapport

'Education is the consciously controlled nprocess whereby changes in behaviour are produced in the person and through the person within the group'. The statement accorded to

(A) Brow

(B) Moore

(C) Linton

(D) R.N. Tagore

The teacher is concerned more about the educational process than with the formula- tion of its

(A) Goals

(B) Purposes

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None of these

The U.G.C. established in our country in

(A) 1949

(C) 1953

(B) 1962

(D) 1956

Concerning educational philosophy today, it can be said truthfully that

(A) there are several different philosophies in practice

(B) 100% exemplification of a philosophy is really found

(C) the differences between the philosophies are clear cut

(D) all the above answers

In the final analysis, teaching must be thought of mainly as a process of 

(A) asking questions and evaluating the learning

(B) directing the activities of the pupils 

(C) hearing the recitation of pupils

(D) all of the above

On which of the following statements there is consensus among educators ? 

(A) Disciplinary cases should be sent to the principal only when other means have failed

(B) Disciplinary cases should be totally neglected in the class 

(C) Disciplinary cases should never be sent to the principal's office

(D) None of the above

Which of the following was not involved in the medieval controversy between the real- ists and nominalists ?

(A) differences respecting the nature of uni- versals 

(B) emphasis given to Aristotle's deductive logic

(C) claims that reason is subordinate to faith 

(D) challenges to the authority of church dogma

Regarding the teachers control in the education of children, the following is the main difference between the Herbert and Dewey.

(A) Acts are in favour of imparting knowledge through teacher control

(B) Dewey favours teacher control, but Herbert is against it

(C) Herbert is in favour of teacher control while Dewey cannot agree with him 

(D) Herbert favour is normal steps, but Dewey give more importance to teacher control only

The secondary education commission in our country suggested reform of our examinations through

(A) Substituting the essay type examinations by the objective type tests.

(B) Application of examinations and maintenance of cumulative records 

(C) Giving importance to internal tests alone in stead of conducting the annual public examinations

(D) Introduction of better grade system in- stead of the percentile marks system for declaring results

Which of the following was not an origin of the Thomoistic supernaturalist philosophy of education? 

(A) Beliefs of the Deists, especially the doctrine of immanence. 

(B) Early Christianity's exclusive concern with life after death.

(C) The writings of Thomas Aquinas

(D) The philosophy of Aristotle

Ploto's theory called for an educational program in which

(A) the unfit were to be eliminated and the fit located

(B) the validity of mental discipline was denied

(C) education was life itself, not a preparation for life

(D) his science was for workers, his dialec- tic for rulers

The nerves carrying impulses to CNS are known as

(A) Afferent

(C) Motor

(B) Efferent

(D) Mixed

A democratic society is one which 

(A) follows the principles of equality, freedom, fraternity and justice

(B) respects the enlightened individuals 

(C) believes in equal educational opportunity

(D) All of the above

You are teaching a subject or a topic to your students. At the end of a unit you test their achievement. Which of the following would be called the dependent variable?

(A) The subject that you teach

(B) The response of your students 

(C) The background of your students

(D) The test that you prepared

Concerning the classification of philosophy of education it can truthfully be said that

(A) The generally accepted classification today involves four categories

(B) The classification of essentialism and progressivism is generally accepted

(C) Bacon's revelation, reason, and experi- ence covers all classifications

(D) None of the above is correct

The intimacy between philosophy and reli- gion can be seen in the field of

(A) Values

(B) Aim of knowledge

(C) Goal of life

(D) All the above

By the term "Later childhood" psychologists mean the following years

(A) 6 to 10 years 

(B) 8 to 10 years

(C) 6 to 12 years 

(D) 5 to 9 years

Electicism is a belief or practice which 

(A) uses practical results as standards of value 

(B) considers that all philosophers are in error 

(C) denies the need for accepting any criteria

(D) borrows views from many different phi- losophies

Which of the following skills has the largest share in communication time in schools/ college?

(A) Listening 

(B) Speaking

(C) Writing

(D) Reading

Before using secondary data the only thing to be seen is that they are 

(A) adequate for the purpose in hand

(B) reliable

(C) representative

(D) all of these

A democratic society is one which

(A) respects the enlightened individuals

(B) follows the principles of equality, freedom, fraternity and justice

(C) believes in equal educational opportunity

(D) All of the above

It is said that education requires a period of social infancy. The implication is that

(A) the society should realise its limitations in being able to educate young 

(B) the young should be released from the need of self supporting efforts

(C) there should be special attention towards societies in a state of infancy to their education

(D) every effort should be made to enhance the educational standards of the infants of the society

Which of the following statements would be true in your opinion about creative teachers?

(A) They create problems for the school administrators

(B) There is a correction between their subject knowledge and creativity

(C) They command good regard from col- leagues, etc. 

(D) They are very friendly and predictable among their colleagues

Which of the following statements would be consistent with the theory that knowledge of the good is received through revelation?

(A) Formal reading instruction should be delayed until age 12

(B) Education should exclude the study of foreign languages

(C) Education should consist of abstract subjects like dialectics

(D) All learning should by subordinated to religious dogma

The SUPW has been introduced in the school curriculum due to the recommenda- tions of 

(A) The University Education Commission's report

(B) The Kothari Education Commission's report

(C) The Secondary Education Commission's report

(D) The Eshar Bhai Patel Education Review Committee

Which of the following is not a purpose of educational philosophy?

(A) To clarify values and aims in teaching

(B) To professionalise the job of teaching

(C) To increase the teacher's love of and control over, the pupils

(D) To critically examine assumptions be- hind educational practice

Second cranial nerve supplies

(A) Retina and lens 

(B) Retina and ivis

(C) Ciliary muscles 

(D) None of these

The word 'transcendentalism' means

(A) moving from deductive to inductive logic

(B) belief in the doctrine of immanence 

(C) doctrine of first principles derived from use of the senses

(D) going beyond man's experience for knowledge of truth

That which educators criticise most severally in the practices of the so-called progressive schools might best be termed

(A) Scholasticism

(B) Realism

(C) Idealism 

(D) Laissez-fairies

In the growth of our society, which of the following were first taught formally on a level above the elementary schools?

(A) business and commercial subjects

(B) liberal arts and sciences

(C) social work and teaching

(D) vocational and industrial training

John Locke's phrase of tabular rasa means

(A) free education

(B) Tal and Ras

(C) mind itself is a result of the process of evolution

(D) All of the above

All of the following are the limitations of televised instruction except 

(A) it does not permit the exchange of ideas between the teacher and taught

(B) televised lesson moves at a fixed speed and thus cannot take the individual differences of students into account

(C) it does not properly help the students in making the materials clearly understood 

(D) experts consume much time in planning and preparation of the programme

Which one is a simple reflex 

(A) Climbing a stairs in dark

(B) Closing of eyes if an object suddenly approaches them

(C) Watering of mouth at the sight of delicious food

(D) Tying laces while talking to and looking at another person

The only institution which is an essential agency for child rearing, socialization and for introducing the child to the culture of its society is 

(A) Family

(B) School

(C) College

(D) All of the above

Trigeminal nerve arises from 

(A) medulla and divides into palatine, chord; tympani and hyomandibular

(B) Cerebellum and divides into palatine, chorda tympani and hyomandibular

(C) Medulla and divides into ophthalmic, maxillary and mandibular

(D) Cerebellum and divides into ophthalmic, maxillary and mandibular

One may change his class position through

(A) Marriage

(B) Illegal means

(C) Leadership

(D) Monopoly

As a plural noun, statistics refers to

(A) statistical methods

(B) numerical statements of facts

(C) interpretation of numerical data

(D) compilation of numerical data

Who said that members of the same species are not alike?

(A) Darwin

(B) Good

(C) Best

(D) Herbert Spencer

Which is the more desirable outcome of teaching in higher

(A) Increase in students achievement

(B) Increase in the level of independent thinking of students

(C) Increase in the number of students who opt for the subject

(D) Higher percentage of result

To which are the concepts of internal and external criticisms associated ?

(A) Descriptive research

(B) Validity of experimental designs of re- search

(C) Historical research

(D) Literary research

In any discipline, theories and observable (related experimental results)

(A) should complement each other

(B) need not have anything to do with each other

(C) more often than not should contradict each other

(D) should compensate each other

The family is an important.... but active agency of education

(A) Regional

(B) Informal

(C) Education 

(D) Social

The school is also basis for reconstruction of society through

(A) Study

(B) Research

(C) Both (A) & (B) 

(D) Religion

Kindergarten (KG) system of education means garden of small kids which is indebted to

(A) Plato

(B) Froebel

(C) Dewey

(D) Spencer

Revelation differed among primitive people and among Hebrews, Catholics, and Protestants, in respect to

(A) the interpretation of the revealed knowledge

(B) the agent for transmitting true knowledge 

(C) the location of the source of true knowledge

(D) all the above answers

Mass education among people of the West originated in the

(A) court school of Vitterinolda Feltre

(B) place school of Charlemagne

(C) Cateckumenal and catechetical schools

(D) Protestant Vernacular reading schools

Child at the primary school is strongly

(A) Family oriented 

(B) No any type of orientation

(C) Peer oriented

(D) Centred

Who challenged the superstitions and priestly ceremonies and changed the atti- tudes of people towards religion

(A) Mahavir

(B) Buddha

(C) Mahatma Gandhi 

(D) Both (A) & (C)

The first state board of public health was created

(A) in New York in 1800

(B) in New Hampshire in 1798

(C) in Maryland in 1820 

(D) in Georgia in 1842

To plato, the main role of education was to

(A) cultivate the personality of each individual

(B) develop the power of contemplation 

(C) train each person for a vocation

(D) strengthen the power of perception

"The family was an all inclusive social institution" said by

(A) Moore

(B) Patanjali

(C) Ballard

(D) Dewey

I.Q. is the ratio of mental age to

(A) Chronological age multiplied by 100

(B) Chronological age multiplied by ten

(C) Chronological age only

(D) Chronological age divided by 100

It is recommended that the house system would be better for arranging sports and games in school. These houses are formed better if

(A) Different groups are formed in schools be according to ages

(B) Students from all classes are represented in each house as a group

(C) Care is taken to see that the number of

students is kept equal in all houses. 

(D) Different games are specified for different games and sports

The concept of academic freedom for teachers, should be taken to mean that 

(A) It could be admissible only at higher level of taking academic ladder

(B) Teachers are completely free to teach whatever they feel as true

(C) All the relative scholars alone should have freedom to teach truths 

(D) Freedom should be given only to teachers and no to learners

The educational philosophy which is rooted in revelation as a method of receiving knowledge of the good is called

(A) naturalism

(B) supernaturalism

(C) romantic naturalism

(D) classical realism

According to the generally accepted classification of I.Q. the superiors are those who I.Q. range is

(A) 130-139

(C) 11-119

(B) 120-129

(D) 140 and above

Which of the following methods of commu- nication is the most effective?

(A) presenting written material alongwith film projector

(B) presenting written material 

(C) multi-media method

(D) cannot be determined

Better classroom management means

(A) punctuality of the teachers in coming in the class and finishing the course in time 

(B) per group work and better interaction among pupils

(C) getting the attention and cooperation of all the students before starting the class/ task 

(D) All of these

Education for specialisation could be achieved through

(A) Teaching schools maintained by social societies

(B) Teaching of social sciences in schools 

(C) Promoting the course included in the social studies

(D) Continuous contracts with society and its members

Taking all the possible points of view about education into consideration, we are justified in concluding that the most perennial dimension of education is

(A) political in nature

(B) social in nature

(C) practical in nature

(D) philosophical in nature

There will be better communication in a lecture if a teacher

(A) reads from prepared notes

(B) prepares the notes well in advance and uses them as a guide 

(C) talks extempore drawing examples from other disciplines

(D) talks extempore

A family is an example of

(A) In-group

(B) Secondary group

(C) Primary group

(D) Out-group

One function of parasympathetic nervous system is

(A) Stimulation of sweat glands

(B) Contraction of hair muscles

(C) Acceleration of heart beat

(D) Constriction of pupil

Sympathetic nervous system is also called

(A) Oranio sacral

(B) Thoracico lumbar

(C) Visceral

(D) Mesentric

Which of the following is not a means of inducing the recall of knowledge according to Plato's theory?

(A) A study of sense data

(B) The use of the Socratic method 

(C) Conditioning of the mind

(D) The method of contemplation

Parasympathetic nervous system accelerate the activity of

(A) Heart, adrenal & sweat gland 

(B) Heart, pancreas and lachrymal glands

(C) Lachrymal and sweat gland

(D) Gut, ivis and urinary bladder

The home retains its influence much more in

(A) Indian society

(B) Western society

(C) Capitalistic society

(D) Communist society

We often hear about tripartite agreements being arrived at the field of industry. A similar agreement in education should mean agreement between

(A) The Society, Schools and Students 

(B) Government, Management and Parents.

(C) Local authorities, Government Schools

(D) Students, Teachers and Heads of School

The term 'instrumentalism' educational philosophy means, the same as

(A) Pragmatism

(B) Nationalism

(C) Realistic naturalism

(D) Progressivism

In the ancient Indian educational tradition, education was regarded as

(A) An aid to progress in the social set-up 

(B) Tool for successful living

(C) Tool for self realisation

(D) Means of social service

The professionally acceptable definition of a backward child would be as follows

(A) One who fails to follow the class room instructions

(B) One who is not able to do the work two years below his class

(C) One who cannot do the work of one class below his class

(D) One who falls backward in achievement due to absenteeism

In the opinion of the 1952-53 Secondary Education Commission in our country, the special function of the secondary school is

(A) To equip students with adequate knowledge for further education 

(B) To prepare students to join vocational courses easily

(C) To train students to assume leadership responsibility in their community or locality

(D) To see that persons after secondary education address themselves to works of productivity

Whom do you consider as the real giant in the development of the theory of statistics

(A) Galton

(B) Bowley

(C) Gauss

(D) R.A. Fisher

Statistics has been defined as "The Science of Counting" by

(A) Bowley

(B) R.A. Fisher 

(C) Stephen King

(D) Galton

The culture epoch theory of organisation of the curriculum in the 19th Century suggests that

(A) Culture of a nation from different epochs should find representation in the school curriculum

(B) The curriculum should be framed in accordance with the development of human culture, epoch wise

(C) Human beings develop through education in the order in which human culture developed in nature

(D) There should be greater concentration in education for the cultural development in our epoch.

Some activities described as 'research' like some M.Ed. dissertations and Ph.D. should not be so designated because

(A) They just describe something and do not explain anything

(B) They just compile information which is already available and hence, do not said to existing knowledge

(C) The information they collect is of no value 

(D) The research they conduct cannot be classified into any standard type of research.

Which of the following would you consider as a valid weakness of the experimental methods in education?

(A) they lack the required competence and sophistication

(B) the experimenters usually lack insight into their problems

(C) they claim too much of authenticity for their approach

(D) they do not provide insight into the total behaviour of subjects

The Adiseshaiah National Review Commit- tee in out country has recommended the following time allocation, for the vocationa- lised spectrum at the higher secondary stage

(A) General foundation and language courses 30% and education subjects, 70%

(B) Language and SUPW, 30% and electives 70%

(C) Education subjects, 30% languages and SUPW 70% 

(D) SUPW and languages and general foundation courses 30%

Some thinkers recommend educational immunization to be practised in educational institutions. This should be correctly mean 

(A) Checking students from wrong practices and harmful habits

(B) Preventing spread of false information through teaching

(C) Observing health programmes in schools for prevention of infectious disease

(D) Informing students about all 'isms' in the society to enable them to take their decisions freely

One of the important characteristic of successful school administration is 

(A) The rational soundness

(B) Rigidity or right principles 

(C) Non-concern with the political philosophy

(D) None of the above

Rousseau naturalism was like the rationalism of the Encyclopedist in respect to

(A) its glorification of the intellect

(B) its support of the State's absolute authority

(C) its emphasis upon the rights of the individual

(D) None of the above

The term 'Curriculum' should really mean 

(A) Subjects as a whole that are prescribed for examination purpose

(B) The academic subjects taught in the school.

(C) All the experiences which pupils received in a school in and outside the classes

(D) All the experiences provided by a school in the class room teaching learning situations

Which of the following acceptable definition of a backward adult-literacy rate as per the latest available census report ?

(A) Kerala

(B) Maharashtra

(C) Tamilnadu

(D) Andhra Pradesh

The intelligence of an individual can be rightly defined as

(A) a quality of his learned behaviour

(B) a potentially fixed quality of the genes 

(C) a natural gift which is inherent in a person

(D) a constant and unmodifiable quality of behaviour

Knowledge, status, authority and experience are all involved in 

(A) Interaction process

(B) Communication process

(C) Both (A) & (B)

(D) None the above

Learning is the modification of the organism in response to other

(A) Society

(B) Organism

(C) Group

(D) Religion

The beliefs of Francis Bacon included

(A) the rejection of the hypothesis

(B) the claim that Aristotle committed an error

(C) a refusal to discuss theology

(D) consideration of "negative instances"

Social Interaction is 

(A) Stimulate each other's behaviour

(B) Interaction of two or more people

(C) Influence each other's behaviour 

(D) All of the above

Dominance could be discriminated from leadership in the following aspects

(A) Leadership taken up different forms but dominance is uniform in nature

(B) Dominance denotes willing acceptance whereas leadership is a matter of appeal for compliance

(C) Dominance implies fear whereas lead- ership implies acquaintance among the followers

(D) Leadership is generated by the weakness of a group whereas dominance speaks of the strength of the group

Characteristics of all informal and formal communication are

(A) structured

(C) same

(B) unstructured

(D) different

In a test administrated to 50 boys and 50 girls, the means were 34.5 and 34.6 respectively. In the case of boys, the scores ranged from 15 to 49 and in the case of girls the range of scores was 20 to 40. We may, therefore conclude that

(A) The girls were more homogeneous than boys

(B) The girls were less heterogenous than boys

(C) The boys were less heterogenous than girls

(D) There was greater uniformity among boys than girls

An effective teaching means all of the following except

(A) a teacher teaches with enthusiasm

(B) a teacher finds fault in his students 

(C) a teacher is interested in making the subject matter understood rather than on completing the course 

(D) a teacher puts emphasis more on teaching than on class control

A serious minded teacher as a rule 

(A) never allow any mistakes on the part of his students

(B) allow the mistakes to be committed and explains how to minimize those mistakes

(C) takes all precautions so that students never commit mistakes

(D) should mildly punish students who commit mistakes

Which of the following do you consider as cause for a teacher's maladjustment to the profession?

(A) Not enough work to keep him engaged

(B) Limitations in his qualifications

(C) Too much of leisure and wishful thinking 

(D) Poor relationship with colleagues and administration.

An effective teacher is expected to

(A) reduce the anxiety level of students to moderate level 

(B) encourage the students to make initiative

(C) to make students feel that education is their need

(D) all of the above

Reconstruction and adaptation are necessary for urban as well as rural pattern of living because of

(A) Industrialization

(B) Scientific development

(C) Technological advancement 

(D) All of the above

Rousseau's philosophy of education con- tents that

(A) environmental facilities for play activities should be improved in schools

(B) the education of children should start from the womle itself.

(C) all evils of education due to departure from nature

(D) Modern civilisation is to be modified according to the needs of the environ- ment.

The history of education reveals that even as take as the 19th century, all the various division of knowledge were spoken of as branches of

(A) Metaphysics

(B) Epistemology

(C) Philosophy

(D) Logic

The essentialists in education claimed that

(A) We must teach what is common and alon essential for all instead of disputing out attention of individual differences

(B) Education should essentially be adjusted to the requirements of the growing children

(C) It is essential to take the interests of individual students into consideration in dividing the aims and methods of education

(D) In conformity with Deway, the practical needs of the society should be treated as essential in framing the curricula in education

It is found in many experiments that the discussion method of teaching is more effective that the lecture method. This is the effect of

(A) Impressionism

(B) Socialisation

(C) Teacher's dynamism 

(D) Group dynamics

In its present usage the word statistics is 

(A) a decade old

(B) a century old 

(C) 10 centuries old

(D) 3 centuries old

Which of the following approaches could be considered as progressive in the construction of curriculum ?

(A) creating provision for promoting children to exert their potentialities for learning 

(B) providing knowledge from the past culture and achievements of the nation for inheritance

(C) Arranging the subject matter required for compulsory acquisition by students in the interests of the society

(D) Selecting the contents of the curriculum from the disciplinary and cultural values point of view.

Statistics can

(A) disprove anything

(B) prove anything 

(C) neither prove nor disprove anything is just a tool

(D) none of these

When you start teaching a new topic to a class, the foremost precaution to be observed would be to

(A) See that is important is impressed upon the class first

(B) Prepare the teaching matter as thoroughly as possible 

(C) See that students do not raise questions in the course of you teaching

(D) Create the feeling among students that the new topic has logical relation with what they knew before

Nationalism in education has the aim of 

(A) enforcing obedience and society in the individuals

(B) supporting the democratic educational objectives

(C) development of individuality as its end

(D) making education internationalists as well

Which of the following provides more freedom to the learner to interact?

(A) Use of film projector

(B) Small group discussion emin

(C) Viewing Countrywide Classroom Programme on TV

(D) Lecture by Experts

Teachers primary responsibility lies in

(A) Planning educational experiences 

(B) keeping students records

(C) implementing policies

(D) all of the above

The Swaminathan study group's report of 1972 in our country was concerned with

(A) In-service education teachers

(B) Development of pre-school children's education 

(C) The technical education at the secondary level of education 

(D) The vocational aspects of primary education

Parasympathetic nervous system 

(A) Accelerate heart beat

(B) Dilater pupil of eye

(C) Release of sugar from liver

(D) Stimulation of saliva

We usually welcome a liberal outlook on the parts of the members of any society. This comprises

(A) not hesitating to accept a correct fact. 

(B) not posing problems and objections to what others say or believe

(C) believing others even if we do not understand them

(D) accepting statements or saying coming from people whom we know

From an instrumentalist's point of view, the values in education

(A) have a standard hierarchy

(B) there is always a relativity of value standards 

(C) have a superiority in objectives of education at any level.

(D) are instrinsic to a subject or activity comprising education

Aristotle disagreed with Plato in respect to the brief that

(A) the state should control education

(B) there are universals

(C) slaves should be excused from education 

(D) ideas are the reals

A teacher will become an effective communicator if

(A) he uses instructional aids

(B) he helps students get meaning out of what he teaches answers

(C) he helps students get correct to the questions on the topic

(D) he asks questions in between teaching

If a test measures successfully what it attempts to measure, it is termed as

(A) Valid

(B) Diagnostic

(C) Objective 

(D) Reliable

Education Philosophy is

(A) Concerned with the relation between mind and matter.

(B) A determining factor of the context of education

(C) Concerned with determining the aims of education only

(D) Able to determine the why of education from a theoretical point of view.

The first question that a researcher interested in the application for statistical techniques to his problem has to ask is 

(A) whether the data could be quantified

(B) whether analysis of data would be possible 

(C) whether appropriate statistical techniques are available

(D) whether worthwhile inferences could be drawn

Communication will be effective 

(A) if it delivered in a calm situation

(B) if it is delivered slowly and clearly 

(C) if it reaches the receiver completely

(D) if it reaches the receiver as intended by the sender

Both in the east and in the west, attempts are made to develop character and moral qualities in the school through

(A) Practical situations

(B) Pupil government

(C) Both (A) & (B) 

(C) Religious book

Which of the following teachers will you like most ?

(A) One who uses chart and maps

(B) One who uses board occasionally

(C) One who uses film projector alongwith the proper use of the board 

(D) One who uses motion picture as a last resort

Before starting instruction a teacher should 

(A) be aware of the environmental variables acting on the mind of the pupils

(B) know the existing knowledge of his stu- dents and their background knowledge

(C) be competent enough to arouse the curiosity of his pupils

(D) all of the above

Religion and philosophy meet in

(A) Matter 

(B) Mind

(C) Spirit

(D) None of the above

In which of the following respect, a group and crowd differ from each other?

(A) size

(B) Suggestibility

(C) Organisation 

(D) Intimacy

There is a call from some thinkers that there is great necessity to socialise school education. This could be correctly interpreted as

(A) Greater stress on social services to be rendered the schools.

(B) The implementation of greater co- ordination between the schools and the society 

(C) Establishment of more community schools by private venture

(D) Formations of a common neighbourhood of schools to raise their academic standards.

The controversy between science and religion in the West started

(A) Naturalism

(B) Essentialism

(C) Pragmatism

(D) Darwinanism

'CARE' is an abbreviation for 

(A) Care for Adult Recreation and Em- ployment

(B) Compulsory Attendance at Rural Education

(C) Committee for American Relief Every where

(D) Contacts of American Representatives Everywhere.

Regarding the state control over education, it is usually felt that

(A) The individuals develop personality quicker.

(B) There is no possibility of the full devel- opment of woman personality

(C) The progress of society favourably effects the progress of the individuals.

(D) There are better chances of betterment of educational institutions.

The traditional school is usually associated with

(A) the great books theory 

(B) the activities program

(C) the recitation of lessons

(D) the integration of subjects

Which of the following statements would be correct with regard to the policy of non-formal education

(A) it is not a substitute, but a supplement to formal education

(B) It is good only for lower class, unskiller 

(C) It is an education of an unplanned nature to be adopted to selected situations 

(D) It does not require any theoretical basis or intellectual preparations of trained teachers.

The 1972 International Commission on Education has entitled its report as

(A) Education and National Development

(B) Learning to be National Development 

(C) Learning as a Living

(D) None of the above

The latest educational movement started by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and having pursued by some followers even now is called

(A) The Gurukul 

(B) None

(C) The Acharyakul 

(D) All the above

Out of the following four branches of psychology with which sociology has got maximum linkage is

(A) Child Psychology

(B) General Psychology 

(C) Social Psychology

(D) Industrial Psychology

If a teacher has to establish credibility in evaluating answer scripts he/she must be

(A) strict

(B) prompt

(C) objective

(D) lenient

The groups which are first in influencing individual and in shaping his attitudes and behaviour patterns is

(A) The society

(B) The family

(C) The village 

(D) The country

If back-benchers are always talking in the classroom a teacher should

(A) punish them

(B) let them do what they are doing 

(C) ask them to sit on the front benches

(D) none of the above

A student is able to learn playing of harmonium more easily than typewriting. Playing of harmonium is a case of

(A) Residual learning 

(B) Short terms homeostasis

(C) Conditioned reflex

(D) Long term homeostasis

According to Sri Aurobindo the training of our five sense

(A) Has no importance in education

(B) Should be given great importance thorough

(C) is only secondary as compared to training of mind 

(D) Is hindrance for training and education of conscience

The curriculum suggested by Frocbel for the kindergardens

(A) Has no place for religious instruction

(B) Includes religion and religious instruction 

(C) Has no provision for languages

(D) None of these

Herbert, the originator of the formal steps of teaching considered morality as

(A) The whole and the main task of education

(B) Comisfit in his teaching steps

(C) A concept that cannot be grasped by children at younger ages

(D) A consideration to be borne in mind at higher stages of education only.

Closed circuit television is useful

(A) only for a restricted audience residing at a particular place

(B) only for poor students of the class

(C) for large group communication

(D) none of these

The number of questions in a questionnaire should be

(A) 20

(B) 15

(C) 5

(D) as small as possible keeping in view the purpose of the survey.

The American Council on Education's Design for General Education

(A) made a sharp distinction between general education and liberal education 

(B) identified 10 "objective" of general education, each with its specific and products 

(C) rejected the empirical method of determining education goals.

(D) involved a careful analysis of the behaviour of different age groups in so- ciety

Socialized techniques in teaching will release the qualities of

(A) Social setting

(B) Social discipline 

(C) Social leadership

(D) All of the above

Examination or evaluation of an educational process should have direct reference to

(A) the experiences of the personnel in charge of the process

(B) the programmes adopted in the process

(C) the administrative competencies of an institution 

(D) the aim and objections governing the process

Televised educational programmed is useful because

(A) it can magnify the microscopic forms of life and can be presented on TV 

(B) it can present the natural phenomenon of the world in natural form

(C) it affords the opportunity for large audience in the same auditorium or in different locations to view it clearly 

(D) all of these

During the days of informal education children used to get

(A) some kinds of education first through the process of living 

(B) education without any specific purpose

(C) professional education through non- professional people

(D) education only at an advanced age through schools

Any effective communication system employs a feedback system in order to 

(A) make the necessary modifications in the process

(B) find faults with the sender (the teacher)

(C) understand more about the content

(D) find faults with the receiver (the student)

Primary data are

(A) less reliable compared to secondary data

(B) always more reliable compared to secondary data

(C) depends on the care with which data have been collected. 

(D) depends on the agency collecting the data

Education will no longer depend entirely on obtaining knowledge through the

(A) Printed page 

(B) Visual approach

(C) Digital

(D) None of the above

Who holds that economic purposes may be constructive or they may be used for exploi- tation

(A) Auguste Comte 

(B) Max Weber

(C) Vablens

(D) None of the above

Visualization in the instructional process cannot increase

(A) retention and adaptation 

(B) interest and motivation

(C) stress and boredom

(D) curiosity and concentration

What consideration a rating procedure involves?

(A) The continue on which rating is to be done

(B) The trail to be rated

(C) The persons who will do rating 

(D) All of the above

The superiority of man over animals is due to

(A) Exchange of ideas

(B) System of expression

(C) Thinking

(D) All of the above

Without a knowledge of aims the educator is like a sailor

(A) Who know his destination

(B) Who doesn't know his destination 

(C) Rudderless vessels

(D) All of the above

A set of questions asked and filled in by the interviewer in a face-to-face situation with another person is called 

(A) A questionnaire

(B) A check list

(C) A schedule

(D) An apinionnaire

If a teacher comes across ideas difficult for others to understand, he should

(A) be happy and look forward to explain it to others 

(B) keep this understanding to himself which would ensure him a special status

(C) explain it to others only at a cost, be it money or favour

(D) rather not explain it to a person who obviously does not wish to spend much time on it.

Tip's contribution to educational philosophy consisted of

(A) attempting to reconcile the conflict between the theories of stability and change

(B) revealing the fallacy of innate ideas

(C) laying the foundation for pragmatism 

D) teaching that individual man is the measure of all

Teachers need to study educational philoso- phy mainly because 

(A) most teachers do not know anything about educational philosophy

(B) few, if any, teachers have a philosophy 

(C) teachers may improve their work by clarifying their philosophy

(D) None of the above

Preservation of our environment needs to be a part of the studies in every

(A) Classroom 

(B) Universities

(C) Colleges 

(D) All of the above

Modern Indian education at the Elementary school level can best be described as being

(A) Project-centered

(B) Curriculum-centered

(C) Pupil-centered

(D) Subject-centered

Four of the following have something in common. Which one does not belong in this group?

(A) Essentialism

(B) Pragmatizm

(C) Experimentalism

(D) Instrumentalism

Which of the following groups of students can be most benefited computer-based education programme ?

(A) Large group of moderate intelligence

(B) Small group of low IQ

(C) Heterogeneous groups in IQ 

(D) All of the above

The secular moral education is characterized by

(A) Social, humanistic and divine aspects of behaviour

(B) Humanistic and technological norms of behaviour

(C) School, class and social motivations 

(D) Pragmatic and theological considerations

Sciences are taught in schools with the goals of

(A) preparing children to be creative 

(B) compensating for the conservative views of arts 

(C) providing the latest technological and logical process 

(D) equipping schools with better laborato- ries and workshops.

Teaching on TV is superior to class room instruction because

(A) experts for teaching a difficult topic can be arranged and others can be benefited from them

(B) very large classes are made possible and thus it is economically advantageous 

(C) teaching materials can be filmed for reuse

(D) all of these

Eye muscles are innervated by 

(A) Oculomotor, trochlear and abducens

(B) Oculomotor, abducens and vagus

(C) Oculomotor, abducens and facial 

(D) Oculomotor, facial and vagus

A teacher

(A) should have command over his language

(B) should introduce the lesson before he starts teaching

(C) should have command over his subject 

(D) all of the above

The National Institute for Basic Education in our country was established in

(A) 1969

(B) 1953

(C) 1964

(D) 1972

When is type-l error increased?

(A) When alpha-level decreases

(B) When the sample size increases

(C) When alpha-level increases

(D) When the sample size decreases

Subjects that are called sciences are all

(A) Synthetic in nature 

(B) Empirical in nature

(C) Hypothetical in nature

(D) Theoretical in nature

In Moore & Cole's view "purpose lies within the individual"

(A) By its source

(B) The stimulation for its growth

(C) Both of the above 

(D) None of the above

The nationalist movement in India took the credit of recommending of 

(A) private schools

(B) public schools

(C) vocational education

(D) mass education

Brain of a mammal differs from that of Frog in having

(A) No cerpus callosum

(B) Large cerebral hemispheres dividend into lobes by means of tissues 

(C) A well developed medulla oblongatas with ponvaroli

(D) Hollow olfactory lobes

The philosophy behind existentialism considers that

(A) Man should to the interests of the society

(B) The individuality is supreme and society is only a means for its development.

(C) The environment should be given greater importance as compared to natural and spiritual aspects of education.

(D) We must give greater recognition to nature and intelligence as compared to aspects of self.

It is said that there are individual difference among students in a class. This fact is 

(A) Great hindrance to teachers in teaching

(B) a suggestion for teachers to be careful in teaching 

(C) supported by lazy teachers to find excuses for their weaknesses

(D) purely a historical evidence that is out- dated today

When a student commits a mistake in his presentation in the classroom the teacher

(A) Should be silent

(B) Should immediately correct it

(C) Should ask the students to find out and correct the mistake 

(D) Should explain the mistake to the stu- dent after the class

Today, most educationists are substituting the term basic education, by the concept of

(A) Work Experience

(B) Community Education 

(C) Learning Experience

(D) Evaluation

The projective techniques in education and psychology are intended to

(A) Facilitate adoption of project methods

(B) Identify the unconscious tendencies of individuals

(C) Promote techniques of projecting individuals.

(D) Simplify the vocational and educational guidance

To study the relationship of family size to income, a researcher classifies his population into different income slabs and then takes a random sample from each slab. Which technique of sampling does he adopt?

(A) Random sampling 

(B) Stratified random sampling

(C) Cluster sampling

(D) Systematic sampling

If you come across to teach a blind student along with the normal students what type of behaviour you are expected to exhibit?

(A) Don't give any extra attention because majority of students may suffer

(B) Take care of him with sympathy 

(C) Arrange the seat in the front row and try to keep your teaching pace according to him without making the other students suffer

(D) None of the above

The term "wastage" in education indicates 

(A) Dropping of children from school before the completion of the school course

(B) Expression of teachers in schools at the Primary stage 

(C) Expenditure on buildings for schools without encourage children 

(D) Wasting lot of money on Note books and paper by children

Which process of communication is the best for controlling noise in a classroom?

(A) Raising one's voice above students voice

(B) Saying 'don't talk 

(C) Remaining calm and just looking at students 

(D) Continue teaching without caring for noisy class

Forament of monro is an aperture between

(A) Rhinocoel and diacoel

(B) Third & fourth ventricles

(C) Lateral and third ventricles

(D) Diacoel and metacoel

The psychologist who was the forerunner of the Gestalt School of Psychology in Education, was

(A) William James 

(B) Wertheime

(C) Watson

(D) Wundt

Population education in schools

(A) Should be thought as a separate subject 

(B) Will solve the problem of wastage in education

(C) Could be avoided as unnecessary 

(D) Should be integrated with other existing subjects

The trial and error method of learning is an offshoot of

(A) Purposivism

(B) Conditioning 

(C) Behaviourism

(D) Connectionism

Guidance services are recommended to be introduced in schools. This means that 

(A) students should be guided as to what courses or vocations would be suited to them

(B) students must be guided for preparation for examinations though unit and term tests

(C) teachers should guide the parents about the method to look after their children. 

(D) students should be given groper guidance in completing their assignments.

Which of the following steps would you consider first as an effective communi- cator?

(A) Plan the evaluation procedure 

(B) Select the channels of communication

(C) Specify the objectives of communication 

(D) Identify various media for communication

The Kothari Education Commission's report was entitled as

(A) Education and National Development

(B) Diversification of Education

(C) Learning to be

(D) Education and Socialisation in Democracy

Overhead projector is superior to short circuit TV in a classroom teaching because 

(A) it is cheap and self devised

(B) pictures in it may be shown in a desired sequence and with a minimum of lost motion (material)

(C) it is easy to use

(D) information presented though it is easily retained

Which is the least important in teaching? 

(A) Punishing the students

(B) Lecturing in impressive ways 

(C) maintaining discipline in the class

(D) Drawing sketches and diagrams on the black-board if needed

The most important question that a researcher is interested to use statistical technique in his problem then he has to see 

(A) Whether the data could be quantified

(B) Whether analysis of data would be possible 

(C) Whether appropriate statistical techniques are available 

(D) Whether worthwhile inferences could be drawn

The area where the teacher-made tests cannot be pertinent is

(A) Interests

(B) Intelligence

(C) Personality

(D) Attitudes

Thermoregulatory centre in the body of homeothermol animals and man is found in

(A) Skin

(B) Pituitary

(C) Hypothalamus 

(D) Diencephalon

A teacher in order to be successful, should

(A) Prepare the student to score high marks in administrative activities

(B) Concentrate on syllabus completion 

(C) Help students in achieving their goals

(D) Provide subject knowledge to students.

A motor nerve carries impulses from

(A) Cranial nerves to effector

(B) Effectors to cranial nerves

(C) Effectors to central nervous system

(D) Central nervous system to effector

Faculty psychology was most widely acceptor

(A) during the post renaissance period

(B) during the renaissance period 

(C) both during the renaissance period and the post renaissance period 

(D) during the renaissance period but given up in the past renaissance period

All of the following statements regarding a teacher are correct except that he is/he

(A) a friend, guide and philosopher 

(B) teaches what the students do not know

(C) the leader of the class

(D) changes his attitudes and behaviour according to the need of the society

Which of the following interpretations would be correct according to the progressive philosophy of education? 

(A) Emphasis on the importance of pupil activity in learning

(B) Making learning a delightful activity

(C) Encouragement of private enterprises in education

(D) Emphasis on incentives to be made more attractive in learning

Social development among children requires that

(A) A children's relations with other children and adults should be encouraged

(B) Parents should give full freedom to children in their activities

(C) Children should be prepared to move among right members of the society 

(D) The classes of children should be enlarged for wider movement.

Olfactory lobes of a mammalian rain are

(A) Free and solid

(B) Fused and solid

(C) Fused and hollow 

(D) Free and hollow

On the first day of your teaching a class, the students remain quiet, which of the following would be your correct inference? 

(A) They are watching and studying your weak and strong qualities carefully

(B) They are satisfied and impressed by your personality

(C) They are wondering at your experiences in the subject

(D) They are all well disciplined and obedient students

Which audio-visual aid is simple, easy to use and not expensive?

(A) Slides

(B) Cassettes

(C) Transparencies 

(D) Compact discs

Gandhi's real greatness in the field of education is to be found in the fact that 

(A) His naturalism merged with his pragmatism

(B) He made his idealism as complementary 

(C) He made both naturalism and pragmatism as complementary to his idealism 

(D) He made his idealism and naturalism complementary to his pragmatism

Absenteeism in the class can be minimized by 

(A) telling students that it is bad to be absent in the class 

(B) punishing the students

(C) ignoring the fact of absenteeism

(D) teaching the class effectively and regu- larly

Suppose you are an ambitious teacher. You have high ideals for class room teaching but your hard labour goes in vain. The reason underlying this problem may be

(A) Individual differences among students make your efforts futile

(B) Your teaching level is above the ability level of students

(C) both of these 

(D) none of the above

Part of mammalian brain controlling muscular co-ordination is

(A) Medulla oblongata

(B) Corpus callosum

(C) Cerebrum

(D) Cerebellum

The Secondary Education Commission's suggestion about negligence of education in school, favoured

(A) Religious instruction as an integral part of regular school work without appointing special teachers for the purpose.

(B) Combination of religious instruction with moral education relating to it the context of contents different curricular courses.

(C) Religious instruction only on voluntary basis outside school hours with the consent of parents and management

(D) Limiting free religious instruction to only, those who wanted it, by creating the required facilities within the school timetable itself.

Which one of the following is not an attribute of culture? 

(A) Shared

(B) Learnt

(C) Innate

(D) Transmittable

There are recommendations for including a subject called 'Safety education' in schools of today, it means

(A) Corrective education to protect the mental health of children

(B) Health education for safeguarding the health of students

(C) Instruction and practice in the road sense to escape from head accidents

(D) All the above

Which of the following oranial nerves is mixed

(A) Optic

(B) Vagus

(C) Olfactory

(D) Trochlear

Equalisation of educational opportunities means

(A) Providing education suited to the nature abilities for all

(B) Providing equal type of education for all 

(C) Planning similar curriculam and methods for all

(D) Providing the same kind of schools for all

Lungs, heart, larynx, stomach intestine etc., are supplied by cranial nerve

(A) Oculomotor 

(B) Vagus

(C) Trigeminal

(D) Abducens

A dogma is different from a theory in respect of any one of the following

(A) Experimental verification

(B) Assumptions

(C) Conviction

(D) Acceptability

Discussion in the class will be more effective if the topic of discussion is

(A) Stated before the start of the discussion

(B) Not introduced

(C) Written on the Board without introducing it

(D) Informed to the students well in advance

The general victimism against education now- a-days is that about the standards taking to formal

(A) The number of students education is falling

(B) The percentages of passes in public examinations are falling

(C) There is increase in the number of students with sub-standards attainments.

(D) There is increase in the number of schools but decrease in the number of teachers.

To make teachers accountable. They should be given

(A) Freedom in the selection of content and methods of teaching

(B) Training in teaching and examining. 

(C) Opportunities for professional growth

(D) Transfer to places where they want to serve.

The social heritage of people could be described by the following term

(A) Culture

(B) Social norm

(C) Transmission 

(D) Human involvement

Which one of the following characteristics could be regarded as the outstanding aspect of a scientific culture?

(A) Generalisation

(B) Actualisation

(C) Qualification

(D) Quantification

All the functions of educational measure- ments are concerned, directly or indirectly with

(A) avoidance of conflicts

(B) selection of teachers

(C) facilitation of learning

(D) improvement of administration

In which of the following respects is a theory 'not' different from a belief?

(A) Antecedent consequent relationships

(B) Acceptability

(C) Verifiability

(D) Demonstrability

According to Swami Vivekananda, a teacher's success depends on

(A) His renunciation of personal gain and service to others

(B) His concentration on his work and duties with a spirit of obedience to God.

(C) His professional training and creativity 

(D) His mastery of the subject and task in controlling the students

The Montessori schools insist on

(A) The principle of sense training 

(B) Creativeness, the main objective of education

(C) Complete discipline and supervision 

(D) Well equipped school buildings

It is usually claimed that any subject that is taught in school has a disciplinary value. This means, that 

(A) It requires strict discipline among students to learnt it 

(B) It teaches certain habits and qualities to train the minds of students 

(C) Every subject is the outcome of the disciplined thinking and experience of experts 

(D) It requires special and disciplined methods of teaching

According to Alder, the primary cause for stresses and strains in an individual is 

(A) The feeling of inferiority

(B) The desire for knowledge of the self

(C) The desire for gratification of the sex impulse

(D) The curiosity to know the mind of others

The Pancha Kosh Theory of Education was elaborated by

(A) Swami Vivekananda

(B) Patanjali 

(C) Mahatma Gandhi

(D) Aurobindo

It is often complained hat there is brain drain in our country. The implication is that (A) The brains of educated persons are having washed in unnecessary pursuits. 

(B) Students brains are unnecessarily burdened with every education

(C) Education that is imparted is a string to the brains average students 

(D) Educated and capable people are seeking jobs in other countries because of unemployment here

Historically speaking, Thornodike's theory of learning was translated into class room method following

(A) Trocbelian principles of child education. 

(B) Herbatian steps with only slight modifi- cations

(C) John Looke's approach to children's state of mind

(D) The scientific principles recommended by Rousseau.

Rousseau who popularized the Naturalistic Philosophy of Education in the West belonged to

(A) The 17th Century

(B) The 16th Century

(C) The 15th 16th Centuries 

(D) The 18th Century

A good piece of research is the product of 

(A) a good research library

(B) collective scholarship

(C) a penetrating and analytical mind 

(D) a touch of genius

The horizontal enrichment programme of instruction means

(A) Selecting topics of equal difficulty level and presenting them together.

(B) Grouping children of similar abilities for teaching advanced knowledge y

(C) Teaching topics in relation to other topics Holy to suggest self study by students

(D) Enlisting the co-operation of all talented students to study together with a competitive spirit.

Appetite and satiety centres of brain an present in

(A) Hypothalamus

(B) Cerebral hemisphere 

(C) Cerebellum

(D) Medulla oblongata

The Indian Education Commission (1964-66) has recommended compulsory social service for school children as follows

(A) 20 days for the lower secondary stage and 20 days for the higher secondary stage

(B) 10 days for the primary stage and 30 days the secondary stage

(C) 30 days for the lower secondary and 20 days for the higher secondary stage

(D) 10 days for the lower secondary stage and 20 days for the higher secondary stage

When you put a question in the class to check the knowledge of students, the best method would be to,

(A) Put more than one question at a time to stimulate students

(B) Frame the question as lengthy as you can

(C) To point to intelligent students first and then put the question 

(D) To pose the question to the whole class and then select some body to answer

The theory of learning associated with connectionism was propounded by

(A) Socrates

(B) Pavlov

(C) Thorndike 

(D) Kilpatrick

Evaluation in education insists on the following

(A) Making tests more reliable and valid

(B) Conducting periodical tests to detect students' weaknesses

(C) Insisting on clear cut behavioural objectives of teaching

(D) Examining students objectively for selection purpose

The main purpose of the first degree in our universities should be to

(A) Bring students to frontiers of knowledge and from there should be research

(B) Equip students with necessary compe- tencies for different work experiences

(C) Prepare students for social service and bring them to the threshold of knowledge 

(D) Bring to the frontiers of research with necessary equipment of knowledge

The idea of starting girls' University in our country started in the year 1970. 

(A) As an initiative of the British rulers.

(B) Through the efforts of municipalities and local fund communities.

(C) With the opening of the SNDT university at Bombay

(D) With the political awakening in the country by the push given by Mahatma Gandhi

Adult education's main objective is to 

(A) Teach adults to be able to understand what they read

(B) Enable the adults to read and write 

(C) Help adults achieve literacy along with personal development

(D) Socialise the adults to move about freely

The idea of sense training in the Montessori method is based on

(A) The theory of transfer of training

(B) The behaviouristic theory of education

(C) The stimulus response theory of learning 

(D) The pragmatic aspects of educational theories

The term "Manpower Needs" in any country requires the 

(A) People should be educated in accor-dance with specified jobs requirements

(B) enrolments in educational institutions should be decided according 

(C) capacities of men should be fully utilised for education and trainingly

(D) education at all stages should be geared to promote the powers of the educates

Man is superior to other animals mainly due to

(A) Large brain be

(C) Erect posture

(B) Free forelimbs

(D) Front eyes

Vocationalisation of education has the object of

(A) Preparing students for a vocation along with knowledge 

(B) Giving more importance to vocation than general education

(C) Converting liberal education into Vocational education

(D) Creating an educational bias among vocational people

The abbreviation SUPW means

(A) Social Upsurge for Progress and Work

(B) Scientific Utilisation for People and World

(C) Socially Useful and Productive Work 

(D) Solution of Utilitarian Problems of Work

If a student becomes unconscious in the class what will you do first?

(A) Telephoning student's parents and waiting for them

(B) Rushing to the principal's office and convassing for help impatiently

(C) Giving first aid to him and trying to contact any doctor

(D) Making arrangement to send him to his home

Effective teaching means 

(A) Love, cooperation, sympathy, affection and encouragement given to students 

(B) Corporal punishment given to students at the time of moral offences

(C) individualized instruction and open classroom discussion 

(D) both (A) and (C)

School children are often victims of infection caused by

(A) Mal-nutrition caused by undigested food particles 

(B) Invasion of the body by the plant and animal organisms

(C) Carelessness of teachers in providing activities

(D) Lack of proper exercises and drills

Drop outs are more likely to be

(A) vulnerable to the requirement of public assistance

(B) unemployed

(C) engaged in antisocial behaviour

(D) all of these

Genu and splenium are associated with 

(A) Medulla oblongatas

(B) Cerebrum

(C) Cerebellum

(D) Vermis

The professional requirements of a teacher as explained in the UNESCO publication is/ are

(A) innovativeness in approach and teaching strategies

(B) mastery over the subject and competency for teaching

(C) justice to the profession 

(D) all of the above

During depolarisation, permeability of neuron increases towards

(A) N+

(C) Ag+

(B) Na+ 

(D) Mg++

Students should prefer those teachers who 

(A) give important questions before exami- nation

(B) dictate notes in the class 

(C) can clear their difficulties regarding subject-matter

(D) are themselves disciplined

A technical educational cess was recom- mended to be levied in our country for the first time by

(A) The Secondary Education Commission

(B) The International Education Commission

(C) The University Education Commission 

(D) The Technical Education Commission

The best way to react to wrong answer given by a student is

(A) to scold him for not having learnt the lesson

(B) to explain why the answer is wrong

(C) to ignore the wrong answer and pass on to the next question

(D) to ask another student to give the correct answer

The case study method as adopted to find out

(A) The cases of a child's maladjustment 

(B) The personality development of an individual

(C) The family history of a person

(D) The effects of heredity on education of a child

The first question that a researcher interested Quin the application for statistical techniques to his problem has to ask is

(A) whether the data could be quantified 

(B) whether appropriate statistical techniques are available

(C) whether analysis of data would be possible 

(D) whether worthwhile inferences could be drawn

Concerning the application of education to the problem of intergroup relations in America, it can be said truthfully that 

(A) Equality in education alone will provide the Negro with equality of job opportunity 

(B) There is evidence that the education of the Negro will increase rather than solve conflict. 

(C) The melting pot programme of assimilation was found applicable of Negroes and Chinese.

(D) None of these.

If you are irritated and show rashness because of the inadequate behaviours shown by others what do you think about your own behaviour

(A) your behaviour is not good because elders have the right to behave you in this way

(B) it is justified because behaviours are echo lime

(C) your behaviour is also the sign of maladjustment and so try to control yourself when you are maltreated 

(D) none of these

If a girl student requests you to collect her posts at your address what would you like to do in this case?

(A) You would not give permission as it is against your own principles

(B) You will permit the girl to collect the posts at your address because as a teacher you should do it 

(C) You will never give her your own address suspecting a foul game

(D) You will permit her because you have some attachment with her

Which of the following definitions would be correct for the term "programmes instructions" ?

(A) It is a schedule of instruction coupled with extra-curricular programmes in the school.

(B) It is an instructional procedure as per time table and monthly progress programme of the school.

(C) It is a project approach based on a programme of visits and observational studies by students.

(D) It is a planned sequence of arranging the material to be learned form simple to complex for self study

Effective communication will make the receivers

(A) enjoy it

(B) think about it 

(C) pass it on to others

(D) accept it

The special courts meant for dealing with juvenile delinquents look upon delinquency as

(A) A crime rather than misbehaviour 

(B) A misbehaviour rather than a crime 

(C) An act of negligence on the part of the society

(D) A mistake of parents rather than of children

Suppose the teachers are busy in cracking filthy jokes and you are also there but you are unable to stop them you should 

(A) persuade them decently not to waste their time in fifthly jokes 

(B) instruct them to mind their language while passing leisure time

(C) live in isolation or change the group

(D) be critical and remind them for the nobility of their jobs

The main difference between an administrator and a researcher lies in the fact that

(A) the former is more concerned only with the what of things while the researcher is interested both in the why and what of things

(B) the former takes a global view of things while the latter penetrates deep into specific issues

(C) the former approaches problems in a practical manner while the latter is purely theoretical

(D) the former is more interested in social outcomes while the latter in finding out as to why things happen as they do

Acculturation is the process of

(A) Accepting the innovations required for the development of nation's culture

(B) Developing qualities which affect the culture of nation 

(C) Being influenced by the cultural imperatives of a nation 

(D) Following the latest trends of a culture as opposed to the past traditions

The 1965-66 Indian Education Commission, recommended among other things

(A) General education as distinct from vocational education

(B) General education containing elements of vocational and technical education 

(C) General education a college preparatory course and vocational education leading to technical course.

(D) Complete separation between the lor general and vocational educational 903 courses

A children in school is called a problem child when

(A) He is able to solve the problem of other children

(B) He suggests useful approaches to teachers when they are explaining any problem

(C) He behaves such that it becomes a problem for the teacher to understand him

(D) He is very resourceful in suggesting good problems for the class to work out

If students do not understand what is taught in the class, the teacher should

(A) repeat the lesson once again 

(B) teach the lesson again giving more examples

(C) proceed to the next lesson so that syllabus could be covered

(D) check up the previous knowledge of the students in the topic

Which statement is not correct?

(A) One research gives birth to another research

(B) A researcher is expected to be a well read person

(C) All researches contribute to the existing knowledge

(D) A good researcher is a nice person

Learning according to Watson's behaviourism is

(A) Learning by trial and error only 

(B) Learning by selection of successful variants

(C) Based on the interpretation of the law of effects

(D) Common among human beings only

The famous seven cordial principles of education were formulated in the U.S.A. by

(A) The new education fellowship

(B) The progressive education association 

(C) The national education association

(D) The national federation of education

The credit of planning a child's education is achieve the divinelinity goes to 

(A) John Lock

(B) Frobel

(C) Piaget

(D) Montessori

One will be an effective communicator if one

(A) has histrionic talents 

(B) is a humorous speaker

(C) is very clear about what one communicates 

(D) communicates in one's mother tongue

Programmed learning involves

(A) A graded series of audio-tapes

(B) An ordered sequence of stimulus items 

(C) Well planned lesson material used for continuing education

(D) Collection of slides and film strips on the lesson

Which of the following statement is not correct?

(A) A good communicator cannot be a good teacher 

(B) A good communicator has wide reading

(C) A good communicator has good sense of humour

(D) A good communicator has command over language

Which of the following is an example of the software material ?

(A) Cover head projects

(B) Computer

(C) Nursery Rhymes set to music recorded on tapes

(D) Teaching machine

An effective communication does not require

(A) appropriate gestures

(B) change in speech pattern

(C) mastery of content

(D) handsome personality

Which of the following is not true of adult education in this country

(A) It has included worker's educational and Chautaque

(B) Its origin lies outside the formal agency of the school

(C) It needs to adopt formal school methods if it is to succeed 

(D) It is a recent development within the last fifty years.

Realism is really

(A) Reserve of naturalism

(B) Pragmatic epistemology 

(C) The basis of idealism

(D) An epistemological philosophy

The objectives of a research can be written

(A) only in statement form

(B) only in question form

(C) both question and statement form 

(D) in hypothetical form

The facial expressions of students relate to which element of the communication process? 

(A) Message

(C) Channel

(B) Sender

(D) Receiver

The progressive education movement in U.S.A. was the direct outcome of

(A) Experimentalism of Education

(B) Naturalism in education

(C) Pragmatism in education

(D) Socialism in education

In the eyes of the educational sociologist, the school can best contract prejudice by

(A) Imparting the intellect 

(B) Developing the intellect

(C) Asserting loyalty to the "in-group" and hostility to others

(D) Developing and extending primary group values

Quality of research depends on

(A) available facilities 

(B) use of nigh technology

(C) training in research methodology

(D) dedication on the part of researchers

The term 'sub-culture' is used to indicate

(A) The belief and customs of traditional social groups

(B) The culture of the lower state of the society

(C) The culture of different groups of societies

(D) The traditions and ideas of tribal groups of societies

Which device do you use to project an opaque object?

(A) Magic lantern 

(B) Slide projector

(C) Film strip projector 

(D) Epidiascope

An important principle of the play-way technique in education is that 

(A) Children should learn on their own responsibility

(B) Authoritarianism is a must for speedy learning and adaptation 

(C) Learning should take place under disciplined conditions

(D) Opportunities for self expression should be selective under guidance and supervision

Which of the following describes Micro- teaching?

(A) Breaking up the subject matter into small division

(B) Explaining the lesson in minute detail

(C) Scaling-down teaching situation 

(D) Teaching the basics of a selected unit

When a student asks a question to which the teacher has no directs correct answer. He should

(A) tell the student not to ask such irrelevant question

(B) give some vague answer and satisfy the student

(C) tell the student that he would give the correct answer later

(D) ask the student to find out the answer himself from books in the library

For Tagore, the real education is that which

(A) Inculcates regularity in habits and attitudes

(B) Has intellectual and emotional predomi- nance

(C) Makes a realistic and pragmatic approach to life 

(D) Makes one's life harmonious with all existence

Which of the following is a measure of variability? 

(A) Mean

(B) Median

(C) Correlation coefficient 

(D) Standard deviation

If a girl student requests you to collect her posts at your address what would you like to do in this case

(A) You would not give permission as it is against your own principles

(B) You will permit the girl to collect the posts at your address because as a teacher, you should do it

(C) You will never give her your own address suspecting a foul game

(D) You will permit her because you have some attachment with her

The name of Paul S. Popenoe is best associated with

(A) Industrial arts and vocational education 

(B) Education for family relations

(C) Education 

(D) Nursing education

Speaking about the problem method of teaching, Deway asserts that

(A) Teachers should first recognise a problem to pass it on to students 

(B) The problem should be as such for students and not for teachers. 

(C) Problem should arise from some school subjects rather than from the child's behaviour.

(D) Problem should start from some life experience rather from school subject.

The criticism of the 1952-53 Secondary Commission in our country about the curriculum in the secondary school was that

(A) It was narrowly conceived mainly in terms of admission requirements of the colleges. 

(B) It envisaged education for the more liberal classes of the society instead of uplifting the rural areas of the country

(C) It was more theoretical than practical as an unbearable burden for students at that age

(D) It appeared to suit the interests and tests of the expert teachers along amounting to neglect of the capacities and requirements of the taught.

If a child is a back bench and is unable to watch the black board clearly. As a result he stands, sees and sits repeatedly. What inference will you draw regarding the case?

(A) The child is of short height as compared to his class mates

(B) The blackboard is under shining effect of light

(C) The child has defective-vision

(D) both (A) and (C)

The Secondary Education Commission's suggestion about negligence of education in school, favoured

(A) Religious instruction as an integral part of regular school work without appointing special teachers for the purpose.

(B) Combination of religious instruction with moral education relating to it the context of contents different curricular courses. 

(C) Religious instruction only on voluntary basis outside school hours with the aviconsent of parents and management

(D) Limiting free religious instruction to only those who wanted it, by creating the required facilities within the school time table itself.

Which of the following is not a method or approach commonly used in intergroup education?

(A) Socio-drama and role-playing 

(B) Criticism of the customs of minorities

(C) Association of tolerance with some high press person 

(D) Emphasis placed upon the contributions or minorities

Which of the following can be listed as outcomes of special education in U.S.

(A) Conformity to accepted ideals

(B) Greater vocational efficiency 

(C) Reduction in schools failures

(D) All of the above

The trial and error method of learning according to Thorndike could be classified as under

(A) The principle of multiple response 

(B) The law of exercise

(C) The principle of partial activity

(D) The principle of Associative learning

Liberalism in education, when it was claimed by universities of the world since the 19th century, meant

(A) Freedom to be given to education from the clutches of religion

(B) Favouring liberal education as opposed to special education

(C) Academic freedom for teachers in instruction

(D) Administrative freedom to universities to run the institution

The term 'Evaluation' and 'Assessment' could be discriminated as follows

(A) Assessment is limited to coverage achievement whereas evaluation is qualitative in character

(B) Evaluation is concerned with the effec- tive aspects of achievement whereas assessment judges the cognitive as- pects

(C) Evaluation involves the measurement as well as diagnosis of students' attain- ments, whereas assessment is con- cerned with only scholastic attainments.

(D) Assessment is an attempt to measure the pupil as whole whereas evaluation is concerned with his achievement only

Naturalism in education means 

(A) Introduction of physical sciences in education

(B) Giving more importance to mind than to matter

(C) Making discrimination between mind and consciousness

(D) supporting both mind and consciousness equally

The industrial revolution that started in the West to begin with had the following effect on education

(A) Shifting the emphasis from the lower class culture to the middle class culture 

(B) Shifting the centre of gravity from the middle to the lower class culture

(C) Introduction of mass educational programmes

(D) Introduction of vocationalisation of education

Any deterrents are negative in character

(A) When they prevent children from doing wrong

(B) When they prevent doing wrong but do not reform children

(C) When they are administered owing to some misunderstanding

(D) When they are administered with a negative motive

Which of the following will not hamper effective communication in the class?

(A) An ambiguous statement 

(B) A lengthy statement

(C) A precise statement

(D) A statement which allows the listener to draw his own conclusions

If a student is constantly rubbing his eyes and is inattentive during blackboard work he is having

(A) adjustment problem. 

(B) hearing problem

(C) visual problem

(D) all of the above

Play therapy is adopted in the study of children in order to 

(A) Make the educational process joyful

(B) To understand the inner motives and complexes of children

(C) Make education more activity centred 

(D) Highlight the importance of play activities in education

It is said that there is an urgent need of anticulation among schools and colleges, this problem of articulation is concerned with

(A) Provision of better administrative facili- ties

(B) Appointment of talented teachers

(C) Communication and closer relationship among teachers 

(D) Better facilities for in-service training of teachers

The idea that Basic Education is education through crafts 

(A) True so far as the rural areas are concerned

(B) The whole truth of the schemes

(C) The complete truth even for urban areas

(D) True to some extent only because the concept is deeper

The term prejudice in a person is coloured by

(A) A hasty judgement about a situation with an unfavourable

(B) Judgement and assessment of a situa- tion without any favoritism

(C) Partial observation and acquaintance of a situation without any motives 

(D) Pre-judgement of a situation with a view to settle a conflict in haste

Suppose you are teaching in a minority college where casteism and narrow mind- edness victimize you, for better adjustment there you should

(A) uplift the humanistic values beyond these narrow wall and develop scientific temper in your students

(B) rebel against such attitudes as it is against the norms of the Indian society

(C) be submissive there and save your job at all costs

(D) none of the above

Suppose you want to teach your students to develop factual knowledge of a subject. Which of the following methods would be suitable in your opinion?

(A) The demonstration method 

(B) The lecturer method

(C) The heuristic method 

(D) The source method

Of the doctrine of immanence it can be said truthfully that it

(A) pictures the world as an unfriendly place 

(B) implies that knowledge of the good is in the world about us

(C) distrusts the senses and unaided reason

(D) supports Plato's theory of reality

The sociologist feels that, if men expect to put an end to prejudice and race conflict, they will have to give major attention to 

(A) Legislating human rights for minorities

(B) Putting into effect the "melting pot theory"

(C) Re-establishing ethnocentrism 

(D) Remedying social abuses and reducing conflict

Boarding schools are considered to be better than the day schools because

(A) They help children in their social development

(B) They are helpful in freeing parents from their responsibilities

(C) They save the trouble for children to walk to school from homes 

(D) They are meant for homeless and parentless children

Which one of the following is an ODD statement ?

(A) Majority of teachers use lectures method

(B) Knowledge is static 

(C) Most of the classrooms are poorly equipped 

(D) One way interaction prevails in the classrooms

Which has the greatest potential for education through audio-visual means?

(A) SITE programmes 

(B) Teaching machine

(C) The language laboratory 

(D) The Computer

Any deterrents are negative in character 

(A) When they prevent children from doing wrong

(B) When they prevent doing wrong but do not reform children

(C) When they are administered owing to some misunderstanding

(D) When they are administered with a negative motive

The approach to the concept of learning was different for Dewey and White Head in the following

(A) Dewey's approach was logical whereas White Head's approach was philosophical

(B) Dewey thought of learning in pragmatic terms whereas White Head thought in terms of cultural aspects

(C) Dewey thought of learning as an end in itself where as White Head thought about it as a means

(D) Dewey thought of learning in experimen- tal terms While white Head thought of it in more esthetic terms.

Effective teaching, by and large is a function of

(A) Teacher's honesty

(B) Teacher's scholarship 

(C) Teacher's making students learn and understand

(D) Teacher's liking for the job of teaching

Cultural pluralism is based on the concept that

(A) America is the "Melting Pot" for various foreign stocks

(B) The American culture for all

(C) It is incompatible with democracy

(D) Our culture is variegated and dynamic, each group of immigrants contributing towards its enrichment

To say that the adolescents are rebellions in nature, will be regarded by experts as 

(A) A misconception

(B) A necessary character at that stage

(C) And objective description of facts 

(D) An effect of the environment

The competency of a teacher can be judged on the basis

(A) length of service

(B) publication of books

(C) meeting needs of students

(D) personality of teacher

A teacher who believes in the realistic philosophy of education would

(A) Support strict control and supervision to make children understand human race and culture

(B) Not allow control and pressure on students to learn what they want to learn (C) Oppose supervision and interference of the teacher with the interests of students.

(D) Allow full freedom to students in learning, following a non-interference policy.